School bullying and suicidal risk in Korean middle school students.
ABSTRACT Being a victim or a perpetrator of school bullying, the most common type of school violence, has been frequently associated with a broad spectrum of behavioral, emotional, and social problems. In a Korean middle school community sample, this study specifically investigated the prevalence of suicidal ideations and behaviors in victims, perpetrators, and victim-perpetrators of school bullying and compared them with a group of students who were in the same schools and were not involved with bullying.
In a cross-sectional study, 1718 seventh- and eighth-grade students in 2 middle schools participated in the study in October 2000. Students completed demographic information, Korean Peer Nomination Inventory, and Korean Youth Self-Report.
Compared with the students who were not involved with school bullying, victim-perpetrators reported more suicidal/self-injurious behaviors and suicidal ideation in the previous 6 months (odds ratio [OR]: 1.9 and 1.9, respectively). In female students, all 3 school bullying groups had increased suicidal ideation for the previous 2 weeks (OR: 2.8, 2.0, and 2.8, respectively) but not in male students (OR: 0.9, 1.1, and 1.3, respectively).
Students who were involved in school bullying, especially victim-perpetrators and female students, had significantly higher risks for suicide ideation and suicidal behavior when compared with individuals who were not involved in school bullying. In addition to attempting to decrease bullying in a community, students who are involved in school bullying should be the targets for suicide monitoring and prevention programs.
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ABSTRACT: http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/tjpr.v13i10.24 Abstract Purpose: To highlight the prevalence and severity of depression among undergraduate students in public and private universities in Karachi, Pakistan. Methods: In this cross-sectional study a total of 408 undergraduate students from both public and private universities in Karachi, Pakistan completed Zung Self-Rating Depression Scale (SDS) questionnaire to appraise the presence and extent of depression among the participants. Their socio-demographic characteristics such as age, gender and course of study as well as drug use data were also collected and analyzed. Results: Depression prevalence was 53.43 % (38.07 % for males and 61.00 % for females). A significant disparity in the prevalence of depression across ethnicity was observed. Less than 50 % (n = 163) of the students were satisfied with their duration of degree course work while 111 (27.20 %) participants were not sure about this. The intensity of depression increased with declining satisfaction level (Gamma = 0.264, p = 0.001) which affected the performance and results of students during their studies. A majority of the participants (89 %, n = 358) of our study have never used medicines to alter their mood. Conclusion: The findings of this study highlight the importance of understanding the unique strains and mental health effect of university education on undergraduate students, especially female students.Tropical Journal of Pharmaceutical Research 11/2014; 13. · 0.50 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Centralized wastewater treatment policy is a common challenge in Hungary. With the recent technology improvement of the Debrecen Wastewater Treatment Plant, the original activated sludge function system’s maximum load is doubled, making it able to treat the effluents of 7 settlements total. The introduced new technical constructions however required strict attention to be successfully integrated into the existing system. Retrofitting the overall processes caused disturbances affecting certain parameters in the biological treatment, thus modifying water quality of the effluent. Our experiments had aimed to control the performance of the plant after the reconstruction during test phase for more than a year period. It has been found that a slight increase of removal efficiency was achieved in the observed parameters of COD, BOD5, TP, SS, while TN remained in a moderate degree of enhancement. Retention effectiveness has begun to escalate significantly after a year of operation.Journal of Water Chemistry and Technology 05/2014; 36(3):139-143. · 0.35 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND This study examined the association of ever being bullied in school with suicide ideation (ever thinking about killing oneself) and ever seriously making a plan to kill oneself (suicide planning) among rural middle school adolescents.METHODS Using the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Middle School Youth Risk Behavior Survey instrument, 2 cross-sectional surveys were conducted among middle school adolescents (N = 1082) in a rural Appalachian county in Ohio in 2009 and 2012. Multivariable logistic regression models assessed the relationship of ever being bullied in school with suicide ideation and planning.RESULTSOverall, a total of 468 participants (43.1%) reported ever being bullied in school, and 22.3% and 13.2% of the adolescents surveyed reported suicide ideation and planning, respectively. In the multivariable analyses, ever being bullied in school was significantly associated with both suicide ideation (odds ratio [OR] = 2.4; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.7-3.5) and planning (OR = 2.5; 95% CI: 1.6-3.8).CONCLUSIONS The results show a strong association between being bullied in school and suicide ideation and planning among rural middle school adolescents. Prevention of bullying in school as early as in middle school should be a strategy for reducing suicide ideation and planning among adolescents.Journal of School Health 11/2014; 84(11). · 1.50 Impact Factor