Using bradykinin-potentiating peptide structures to develop new antihypertensive drugs.

Center of Applied Toxinology, Instituto Butantan, São Paulo, SP, Brazil
Genetics and molecular research: GMR (Impact Factor: 0.85). 02/2004; 3(4):554-63.
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Angiotensin I-converting enzyme (ACE) is a dipeptidyl-carboxypeptidase expressed in endothelial, epithelial and neuroepithelial cells. It is composed of two domains, known as N- and C-domains, and it is primarily involved in blood pressure regulation. Although the physiological functions of ACE are not limited to its cardiovascular role, it has been an attractive target for drug design due to its critical role in cardiovascular and renal disease. We examined natural structures based on bradykinin-potentiating peptides (BPPs) extracted from Bothrops jararaca venom for ACE inhibition. Modeling, docking and molecular dynamics were used to study the conserved residues in the S2', S1' and S1 positions that allow enzyme-substrate/inhibitor contacts. These positions are conserved in other oligopeptidases, and they form tight and non-specific contacts with lisinopril, enalapril and BPP9a inhibitors. The only specific inhibitor for human somatic ACE (sACE) was BPP9a, which is instable in the N-sACE-BPP9a complex due to repulsive electrostatic interactions between Arg P4-Arg 412 residues. Specificity for the C-terminal domain in human sACE inhibition was confirmed by electrostatic interaction with the Asp 1008 residue. Peptide-like BPP structures, naturally developed by snakes across millions of years of evolution, appear to be good candidates for the development of domain-selective ACE inhibitors with high stability and improved pharmacological profiles.

Download full-text


Available from: Goran Neshich, Jul 07, 2015
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Chagas' disease, caused by Trypanosoma cruzi, affects 16-18 million people in Central and South America. Patient treatment is based on drugs that have toxic effects and limited efficacy. Therefore, new chemotherapeutic agents need to be developed. Snake venoms are sources of natural compounds used in various medical treatments. We observed that Crotalus viridis viridis venom was effective against all developmental forms of T. cruzi. Ultrastructural analysis revealed swelling of mitochondria, blebbing and disruption of the plasma membrane, loss of cytoplasm components and morphological changes of the cell. Staining with propidium iodide and rhodamine 123 confirmed the observed alterations in the plasma and mitochondrial membranes, respectively. The effects of the venom on the parasite intracellular cycle were also analysed. Pre-infected LLC-MK2 cells incubated with Cvv venom showed a 76-93% reduction in the number of parasites per infected cell and a 94-97.4% reduction in the number of parasites per 100 cells after 96 h of infection. Free trypomastigotes harvested from the supernatants of Cvv venom-treated cells were incapable of initiating a new infection cycle. Our data demonstrate that Cvv venom can access the host cell cytoplasm at concentrations that cause toxicity only to the amastigote forms of T. cruzi, and yields altered parasites with limited infective capacity, suggesting the potential use of Cvv venom in Chagas' disease chemotherapy.
    Parasitology 01/2011; 138(1):46-58. DOI:10.1017/S0031182010000958 · 2.35 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Venoms comprise mixtures of peptides and proteins tailored by Natural Selection to act on vital systems of the prey or victim. Here we review our proteomic protocols for uncoiling the composition, immunological profile, and evolution of snake venoms. Our long-term goal is to gain a deep insight of all viperid venom proteomes. Knowledge of the inter- and intraspecies ontogenetic, individual, and geographic venom variability has applied importance for the design of immunization protocols aimed at producing more effective polyspecific antivenoms. A practical consequence of assessing the cross-reactivity of heterologous antivenoms is the possibility of circumventing the restricted availability of species-specific antivenoms in some regions. Further, the high degree of target specificity makes toxins valuable scaffolds for drug development.
    FEBS letters 04/2009; 583(11):1736-43. DOI:10.1016/j.febslet.2009.03.029 · 3.34 Impact Factor
  • Source
    Journal of Proteomics 02/2009; 72(2):121-6. DOI:10.1016/j.jprot.2009.01.018 · 3.93 Impact Factor