[Prognostic value of fetal aortic isthmus Doppler waveform in intrauterine growth retardation: prospective longitudinal study].
ABSTRACT Our purpose was to determine whether the use of aortic isthmus Doppler waveform analysis in growth restricted fetuses delivered at 28 to 38 weeks predicts perinatal outcomes.
Prospective longitudinal study including singleton non-malformed euploid fetuses with accurate dating and diagnosed as growth restricted (abdominal circumference<10th percentile) and who were followed up at our institution and delivered<10 days after the last Doppler. Timing of delivery was collegial. Perinatal mortality and morbidity outcomes were compared in cases with anterograde blood flow versus retrograde net blood flow in aortic isthmus. Relative risk (RR) were calculated with 95% CI and P<0,05 was considered significant.
Thirty-two cases were considered for analysis: growth-restricted foetuses with anterograde blood flow (n=26) versus retrograde net blood (n=6). Maternal demographic characteristics in the two groups were similar and exceptions made of femur length average values for fetal biometrics were not significantly different. Doppler velocimetry results at the uterine, umbilical and cerebral arteries were similar in the two groups. Gestational age at delivery and birth weight were similar in both groups (respectively (239.65 20.1 vs. 247.3 16.4 (days) (p=0.349) and 1748.8 gr 468.7 vs. 1933.3 gr 468.7 (p=0.408)). There was a statistically significant increase in perinatal mortality in retrograde net blood flow group: 8.66 [IC 95% 2.03 - 36.84]. An interesting finding was that neonates with aortic isthmus retrograde net blood flow were more frequently born by cesarean delivery because of a suspected fetal compromise RR=3.22 CI 95% [1.29-8].
In our study Doppler identification of aortic isthmus retrograde net blood flow in growth-restricted fetuses was associated with an increase of perinatal death.
Article: Contribution of the myocardial performance index and aortic isthmus blood flow index to predicting mortality in preterm growth-restricted fetuses.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: To evaluate the predictive value for perinatal death of the myocardial performance index (MPI) and aortic isthmus flow index (IFI), as isolated parameters and in a combined model including currently used Doppler indices, in preterm growth restricted (IUGR) fetuses. Umbilical artery, fetal middle cerebral artery (MCA) and ductus venosus (DV) pulsatility indices (PIs) were recorded, along with IFI and MPI, in a cohort of 97 preterm (delivered at between 24 and 34 weeks) IUGR fetuses. Logistic regression analysis was performed to identify those variables that were independently associated with perinatal mortality, and an algorithm to estimate probability of death was constructed including the best combination of parameters. With the exception of MCA, all Doppler indices were significantly associated with perinatal death as isolated parameters, but only DV-PI and MPI were found to be independent predictors on multivariate analysis. An algorithm combining DV atrial flow (positive or absent/reversed) and MPI (normal or above 95(th) percentile) had a better predictive accuracy than did any single parameter. The risk for death in IUGR fetuses below 28 weeks' gestation with present atrial flow in the DV and normal MPI was 18%, with either characteristic abnormal it was 70-73%, and with both abnormal it was 97%. The risk for death in IUGR fetuses above 28 weeks with present atrial flow in the DV and normal MPI was 0.1%, with either abnormal it was 6-7%, and with both abnormal it was 45%. MPI is an independent predictor of perinatal death in preterm IUGR fetuses with accuracy similar to that of DV flow. A combination of DV flow with MPI may better stratify the estimated probability of death. IFI does not add to the prediction of perinatal death when used in combination with DV flow.Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology 10/2009; 34(4):430-6. · 3.01 Impact Factor