Imaging of HER2/neu-positive BT-474 human breast cancer xenografts in athymic mice using (111)In-trastuzumab (Herceptin) Fab fragments.
ABSTRACT Trastuzumab (Herceptin) Fab were prepared by digestion of intact IgG with immobilized papain, derivatized with diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid (DTPA) and radiolabeled with (111)In. The dissociation constant (Kd) for binding of Fab to HER2/neu-positive SK-BR-3 human breast cancer cells was two- to threefold higher than for intact IgG (14-36 vs. 8-14 nM). The binding affinity was not significantly decreased after DTPA derivatization (Kd=47 nM). (111)In-trastuzumab Fab localized specifically in HER2/neu-positive BT-474 human breast cancer xenografts in athymic mice with tumor uptake of 7.8+/-0.7% injected dose (ID)/g and tumor/blood ratio of 25.2+/-1.6 at 72 h postinjection compared with 2.7+/-0.7% ID/g and 7.0+/-0.9 for (111)In-HuM195 anti-CD33 Fab (significantly different, P<.001). Small (3-5 mm in diameter) BT-474 tumors were imaged with (111)In-trastuzumab Fab as early as 24 h postinjection.
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ABSTRACT: INTRODUCTION: Our aim was to conduct a Phase I clinical trial to determine the feasibility of intraoperative detection of tumor margins in HER2 positive breast carcinoma using a hand-held γ-probe following administration of (111)In-DTPA-trastuzumab Fab fragments. Accurate delineation of tumor margins is important for preventing local recurrence. METHODS: Six patients with HER2-positive in situ or invasive ductal carcinoma were administered 74MBq (0.5mg) of (111)In-DTPA-trastuzumab Fab fragments and counts in the tumor, surgical cavity wall and en face margins were measured intraoperatively at 72h post-injection using the Navigator or C-Trak γ-probes. Margins were evaluated histologically. Quantitative whole body planar imaging was performed to estimate radiation absorbed doses using OLINDA/EXM software. SPECT imaging of the thorax was performed to evaluate tumor uptake. The pharmacokinetics of elimination from the blood and plasma were determined over 72h. RESULTS: There were no acute adverse reactions from (111)In-DTPA-trastuzumab Fab fragments and no changes in hematological or biochemical indices were found over a 3month period. (111)In-DTPA-trastuzumab Fab fragments exhibited a biphasic elimination from the blood and plasma with t1/2α=11.9h and 7.5h, respectively, and t1/2β=26.6 and 20.7h, respectively. The radiopharmaceutical accumulated in the liver, spleen and kidneys. SPECT imaging did not reveal tumor in any patient. The mean effective dose was 0.146mSv/MBq (10.8mSv for 74MBq). Counts in excised tumors were low but were higher than in margins. Margins in two patients harboured tumor but this was not correlated with counts obtained using the γ-probes. Surgical cavity counts were high and likely due to detection of γ-photons outside the surgical field. CONCLUSION: We conclude that it was not feasible, at least at the administered amount of radioactivity used in this study, to reliably detect the margins of disease in patients with in situ or invasive ductal carcinoma intraoperatively using a hand-held γ-probe and (111)In-DTPA-trastuzumab Fab fragments due to low uptake in the tumor and involved margins.Nuclear Medicine and Biology 04/2013; · 2.52 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Cancer becomes the second leading cause of death in the world. An effective strategy for early diagnosis of the disease is key to reduce the mortality and morbidity. Development of effective monoclonal antibody (mAb)-based assays or diagnostic imaging techniques for detection of antigens and small molecules that are released from cancerous cells will enhance modern diagnostic medicine of cancer significantly. Although mAb technology is still under development, recent advances in preparation of recombinant antigen and antibody engineering techniques have dramatically enhanced the applications of this technology in cancer diagnosis. Compared with other methods, mAb-based assays may provide spatial, temporal, accurate and quantitative measurement for diagnosis of the disease. This review summarizes the progress of the mAb-based assays in the field of molecular diagnosis of cancer.Expert Review of Molecular Diagnostics 11/2013; · 4.09 Impact Factor
- Journal of Nuclear Medicine 07/2013; 50(3):417-425. · 5.77 Impact Factor