Digoxigenin labelling and laser capture microdissection of male cells.
ABSTRACT Laser capture microdissection (LMD) is a relatively new technique for the isolation of single cells. The application in forensic investigations has become more and more widespread, especially to select spermatozoa out of mixtures with vaginal cells. In particular in cases with low numbers of sperm it could be profitable to isolate all male cells (e.g. sperm and male epithelial cells) instead of focussing on the sperm only. Therefore, the specific labelling and detection of the male cells in a male/female cell mixture is necessary. In order to label all cells carrying a Y-chromosome we used a digoxigenin labelled chromosome Y hybridisation probe (Q Biogen). The stained cells were isolated with the SL microCut LMD system from Molecular Machines & Industries AG (MMI). At least ten diploid male cells were required to obtain a partial STR profile, with 20 cells, a full profile could be obtained.
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ABSTRACT: The broad topic of this paper is the evaluation of DNA evidence in criminal cases. More specifically, we deal with mixture evidence which refers to cases where there are, or could be, several contributors to a biological stain based on, e.g., blood or semen. The present paper addresses DNA mixtures based on single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) markers, i.e., diallelic markers. Based on STR analysis, it is in most cases easy to identify the presence of a mixture since three or four bands will show up with a high probability for at least one locus. Obviously, this will not be the case for diallelic markers and interpreting mixtures will be a great challenge. We address this problem by first approaching the more general problem of estimating the number of contributors to a stain. In addition we discuss how the markers should be selected and how many are required.Deutsche Zeitschrift für die Gesamte Gerichtliche Medizin 11/2003; 117(5):271-5. · 2.69 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Individual cells are prepared from histological tissue sections of routinely formalin-fixed and paraffin-embedded tissues using an ultraviolet laser micromanipulator. This technology, in combination with polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based gene analysis, will enable researchers to routinely detect a variety of nucleic acid abnormalities underlying cancer, infection, and genetic disease with previously unknown sensitivity: at the single cell level. The utility of this technique is demonstrated by PCR amplification and sequencing of the E-cadherin gene, which codes for a homophilic cell-to-cell adhesion molecule, in early gastric carcinomas of the diffuse type of Lauren's classification. The main characteristics of the laser-assisted microdissection technique are high precision without contamination and easy application. The assignment of individual gene sequences to single cells will now provide a direct link between molecular biology on the one hand and histology and pathology on the other.Histochemie 09/1997; 108(4-5):447-51. · 2.61 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) using biotin labeled X- and Y-chromosome DNA probes was utilized in the analysis of 23 sex chromosome-derived markers. Specimens were obtained through prenatal diagnosis, because of a presumptive diagnosis of Ullrich-Turner syndrome, mental retardation, and minor anomalies or ambiguous genitalia; three were spontaneous abortuses. Twelve markers were derived from the X chromosome and eleven from the Y chromosome; this demonstrates successfully the value and necessity of FISH utilizing DNA probes in the identification of sex chromosome markers. Both fresh and older slides, some of which had been previously G-banded, were used in these determinations. We have also reviewed the literature on sex chromosome markers identified using FISH.American Journal of Medical Genetics 08/1997; 71(1):1-7.