To clarify the pathogenesis of transient hyper-17alpha-hydroxyprogesteronemia, we initiated a laboratory investigation in a pre-term infant with persistently high serum 17alpha-hydroxyprogesterone (17-OHP) until 2 months of age.
Serum 17-OHP level was measured by high-performance liquid chromatography and radioimmunoassay, and gene analysis of CYP21A2 (21-hydroxylase) was performed.
Serum 17-OHP level on the 29th day of life was 25.4 ng/ml, and the urinary steroid profile showed low pregnanetriolone. Gene analysis of 21-hydroxylase disclosed no mutation, and 17-OHP normalized by 3 months of age without specific treatment.
Transient elevations in 17-OHP, which do not appear related to cross-reactions with products of a residual fetal adrenal cortex, may occur in the first few months of life.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Neonatal screening for congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) is characterized by a high false-positive rate, mainly among preterm and low birth weight infants. The aims of this study were to describe a subgroup of infants with transient serum hyper-17-hydroxyprogesteronemia (hyper-17-OHPemia) and to compare them with false positive and affected by 21-hydroxylase deficiency newborns.
We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of all newborns positive at CAH neonatal screening, who were referred to our hospital to confirm the diagnosis from 2002 to 2006. They were submitted to clinical investigations and blood tests to evaluate 17-hydroxyprogesterone (17-OHP), renin, and electrolyte levels. CAH-unaffected newborns with increased serum 17-OHP were submitted to strict follow-up monitoring, which included an ACTH-stimulating test and genetic analysis of the 21-hydroxylase gene, until serum 17-OHP decreased.
Thirty-seven newborns with gestational ages ranging from 33 to 40 weeks were studied. Eight infants (three male and five female) were affected by CAH (serum 17-OHP: 277.5 (210-921) nmol/l), 14 (ten male and four female) were false positives (17-OHP: 3.75 (0.3-8.4) nmol/l), and 15 (ten male and five female) showed a serum hyper-17-OHPemia (17-OHP: 15.9 (9.9-33) nmol/l). No mutations of the 21-hydroxylase gene were found in infants with hyper-17-OHPemia and their serum 17-OHP levels were normalized by the third month of life.
We identified a population of infants with transient serum hyper-17-OHPemia, and no clinical signs of disease or 21-hydroxylase gene mutations. No further investigations are necessary after birth in these newborns if 17-OHP levels decrease, other confirmatory tests such as ACTH-stimulation test or genotyping analysis are necessary only if symptoms appear.
European Journal of Endocrinology 06/2009; 161(2):285-92. DOI:10.1530/EJE-09-0145 · 4.07 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The aim of the study was to identify patients with transitory elevation (TE) of 17-hydroxyprogesterone (17-OHP) using neonatal screening for congenital adrenal hyperplasia due to 21-hydroxylase deficiency (21-OHD) and to compare them with patients with 21-OHD.
This was a retrospective study of patients with high 17-OHP levels detected during newborn screening in Madrid, Spain.
17-OHP levels were significantly higher in the 33 21-OHD patients, who tended to present hyponatraemia and hyperkalemia. The TE-17-OHP group was characterized by normal initial physical examination (88.8% vs. 39.4%), lower gestational age and a higher number of stressful perinatal factors. 17-OHP levels decreased spontaneously in this group. Molecular diagnosis allowed us to discard the most frequent mutations associated with 21-OHD.
Newborns with slightly increased 17-OHP levels and normal results for physical examination, acid-base equilibrium, glycemia, electrolytes and perinatal stress factors should be carefully evaluated. Decisions on treatment should be postponed until these results are available.
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