Identification of a molecular recognition role for the activation loop phosphotyrosine of the SRC tyrosine kinase.
ABSTRACT A human cDNA phage display library screen, using a phosphopeptide designed to mimic the activation loop phosphotyrosine of the Src tyrosine kinase, has identified the N-terminal SH2 domain of the p85 regulatory subunit of phosphatidyl inositol-3 kinase (PI3K) as an interacting recognition domain. Activation loop phosphorylation is known to play a conformational role in kinase activation, but is largely not thought to play a role in protein/protein recognition. Affinity chromatography and biochemical evaluation in mouse fibroblast cells has confirmed the dependence of this interaction on both the Src activation loop phosphotyrosine and the N-terminal SH2 domain of PI3K.
Article: Quality not Quantity: The Role of Marine Natural Products in Drug Discovery and Reverse Chemical Proteomics[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Reverse chemical proteomics combines affinity chromatography with phage display and promises to be a powerful new platform technology for the isolation of natural product receptors, facilitating the drug discovery process by rapidly linking biologically active small molecules to their cellular receptors and the receptorsÃ¢Â€Â™ genes. In this paper we review chemical proteomics and reverse chemical proteomics and show how these techniques can add value to natural products research. We also report on techniques for the derivatisation of polystyrene microtitre plates with cleavable linkers and marine natural products that can be used in chemical proteomics or reverse chemical proteomics. Specifically, we have derivatised polystyrene with palauÃ¢Â€Â™amine and used reverse chemical proteomics to try and isolate the human receptors for this potent anticancer marine drug.Marine Drugs 06/2005; 3(2):36-63. · 3.85 Impact Factor
Article: SRC Homology 2 Domain Binding Sites in Insulin, IGF-1 and FGF receptor mediated signaling networks reveal an extensive potential interactome.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Specific peptide ligand recognition by modular interaction domains is essential for the fidelity of information flow through the signal transduction networks that control cell behavior in response to extrinsic and intrinsic stimuli. Src homology 2 (SH2) domains recognize distinct phosphotyrosine peptide motifs, but the specific sites that are phosphorylated and the complement of available SH2 domains varies considerably in individual cell types. Such differences are the basis for a wide range of available protein interaction microstates from which signaling can evolve in highly divergent ways. This underlying complexity suggests the need to broadly map the signaling potential of systems as a prerequisite for understanding signaling in specific cell types as well as various pathologies that involve signal transduction such as cancer, developmental defects and metabolic disorders. This report describes interactions between SH2 domains and potential binding partners that comprise initial signaling downstream of activated fibroblast growth factor (FGF), insulin (Ins), and insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) receptors. A panel of 50 SH2 domains screened against a set of 192 phosphotyrosine peptides defines an extensive potential interactome while demonstrating the selectivity of individual SH2 domains. The interactions described confirm virtually all previously reported associations while describing a large set of potential novel interactions that imply additional complexity in the signaling networks initiated from activated receptors. This study of pTyr ligand binding by SH2 domains provides valuable insight into the selectivity that underpins complex signaling networks that are assembled using modular protein interaction domains.Cell Communication and Signaling 09/2012; 10(1):27. · 5.50 Impact Factor