Ligand substitution reactions of the vitamin B12 analog cyanoimidazolylcobamide, CN(Im)Cbl, with cyanide were studied. Cyanide substitutes imidazole (Im) in the alpha-position more slowly than it substitutes dimethylbenzimidazole in cyanocobalamin (vitamin B12). The kinetics of the displacement of Im by CN- showed saturation behaviour at high cyanide concentration; the limiting rate constant was found to be 0.0264 s(-1) at 25 degrees C and is characterized by the activation parameters: DeltaH(not =) = 111 +/- 2 kJ mol(-1), DeltaS(not =) = +97 +/- 6 J K(-1) mol(-1), and DeltaV(not =) = +9.3 +/- 0.3 cm3 mol(-1). These parameters are interpreted in terms of an I(d) mechanism. The equilibrium constant for the reaction of CN(Im)Cbl with CN- was found to be 861 +/- 75 M(-1), which is significantly less than that obtained for the reaction of cyanocobalamin with CN- (viz. 10(4) M(-1)). pKbase-off for the base-on/base-off equilibrium was determined spectrophotometrically and found to be 0.99 +/- 0.05, which is about 0.9 pH units higher than that obtained previously in the case of cyanocobalamin. In addition, the kinetics of the base-on/base-off reaction was studied using a pH-jump technique and the data obtained revealed evidence for an acid catalyzed reaction path. The results obtained in this study are discussed in reference to those reported previously for cyanocobalamin.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We describe the synthesis of novel 5-haloimidazole ribonucleosides as precursors of modified cobalamins. A regio- and stereoselective glycosylation of protected ribose with silylated 4(5)-haloimidazoles produces 5-haloimidazole ribonucleosides predominantly in the alpha-configuration (60-75%) without any 4-substituted imidazole ribonucleoside. The structure of the 5-fluoroimidazole ribonucleoside was confirmed by X-ray crystallography and 2D NMR spectroscopy.
The Journal of Organic Chemistry 07/2006; 71(13):5000-3. DOI:10.1021/jo060087s · 4.72 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A series of 2 ',3 '-isopropylidene and 5 '-trityl-protected alpha-indole and alpha/beta-benzimidazole and imidazole ribonucleosides were deprotected with different acids. Selectivity was achieved for 5 '-versus 2 ',3 '- deprotection by using formic acid in the alpha-indole ribonucleoside series. Treatment of alpha-indole ribonucleosides with a mixture of formic acid and ether at room temperature afforded 2 ',3 '-deprotected alpha-ribonucleosides, whereas treatment of the alpha-benzimidazole ribonucleosides with the same acid afforded the 5 '-deprotected ribonucleoside without any 2 ', 3 '-deprotected products. The structures of these ribonucleosides were elucidated with 2D (NOESY, COSY, and HMQC) NMR spectroscopy.
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