Kinetic and thermodynamic studies on ligand substitution reactions and base-on/base-off equilibria of cyanoimidazolylcobamide, a vitamin B-12 analog with an imidazole axial nucleoside
Department of Chemistry, Ain Shams University, Al Qāhirah, Muḩāfaz̧at al Qāhirah, Egypt Dalton Transactions
(Impact Factor: 4.2).
03/2005; DOI: 10.1039/b414092c
Ligand substitution reactions of the vitamin B12 analog cyanoimidazolylcobamide, CN(Im)Cbl, with cyanide were studied. Cyanide substitutes imidazole (Im) in the alpha-position more slowly than it substitutes dimethylbenzimidazole in cyanocobalamin (vitamin B12). The kinetics of the displacement of Im by CN- showed saturation behaviour at high cyanide concentration; the limiting rate constant was found to be 0.0264 s(-1) at 25 degrees C and is characterized by the activation parameters: DeltaH(not =) = 111 +/- 2 kJ mol(-1), DeltaS(not =) = +97 +/- 6 J K(-1) mol(-1), and DeltaV(not =) = +9.3 +/- 0.3 cm3 mol(-1). These parameters are interpreted in terms of an I(d) mechanism. The equilibrium constant for the reaction of CN(Im)Cbl with CN- was found to be 861 +/- 75 M(-1), which is significantly less than that obtained for the reaction of cyanocobalamin with CN- (viz. 10(4) M(-1)). pKbase-off for the base-on/base-off equilibrium was determined spectrophotometrically and found to be 0.99 +/- 0.05, which is about 0.9 pH units higher than that obtained previously in the case of cyanocobalamin. In addition, the kinetics of the base-on/base-off reaction was studied using a pH-jump technique and the data obtained revealed evidence for an acid catalyzed reaction path. The results obtained in this study are discussed in reference to those reported previously for cyanocobalamin.
Available from: Rudi van Eldik
Advances in Physical Organic Chemistry 01/2006; 41:1-78. DOI:10.1016/S0065-3160(06)41001-7 · 2.17 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: We describe the synthesis of novel 5-haloimidazole ribonucleosides as precursors of modified cobalamins. A regio- and stereoselective glycosylation of protected ribose with silylated 4(5)-haloimidazoles produces 5-haloimidazole ribonucleosides predominantly in the alpha-configuration (60-75%) without any 4-substituted imidazole ribonucleoside. The structure of the 5-fluoroimidazole ribonucleoside was confirmed by X-ray crystallography and 2D NMR spectroscopy.
The Journal of Organic Chemistry 07/2006; 71(13):5000-3. DOI:10.1021/jo060087s · 4.72 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: A series of 2 ',3 '-isopropylidene and 5 '-trityl-protected alpha-indole and alpha/beta-benzimidazole and imidazole ribonucleosides were deprotected with different acids. Selectivity was achieved for 5 '-versus 2 ',3 '- deprotection by using formic acid in the alpha-indole ribonucleoside series. Treatment of alpha-indole ribonucleosides with a mixture of formic acid and ether at room temperature afforded 2 ',3 '-deprotected alpha-ribonucleosides, whereas treatment of the alpha-benzimidazole ribonucleosides with the same acid afforded the 5 '-deprotected ribonucleoside without any 2 ', 3 '-deprotected products. The structures of these ribonucleosides were elucidated with 2D (NOESY, COSY, and HMQC) NMR spectroscopy.
Nucleosides Nucleotides & Nucleic Acids 02/2007; 26(1):1-8. DOI:10.1080/15257770601052216 · 1.02 Impact Factor
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