To study the relationship between the durations of symptoms before the start of radiotherapy and treatment outcome in Stage I-III glottic cancer.
From 1965 to 1997, 611 glottic cancer patients from the Southern Region of Denmark were treated with primary radiotherapy. A total of 544 patients fulfilled the criteria for inclusion to the study (Stage I-III glottic cancer, a duration of symptoms less than or equal to 36 months, primary radiotherapy with at least 50 Gy and sufficient data for analysis). The total radiation dose ranged from 50.0 to 71.6 Gy in 22 to 42 fractions, and the median dose per fraction was 2.00 Gy (range, 1.56-2.29 Gy). All patients had 5 years of follow-up, and the 5-year recurrence-free survival rate was used as the primary endpoint.
The 5-year recurrence-free survival rate was 74%. In a multivariate Cox regression analysis, duration of symptoms was a significant factor (p < 0.0001) with a hazard ratio of 1.045 (95% CI 1.023, 1.069). Other significant factors included tumor stage and radiation dose, whereas duration of treatment time was borderline significant (p = 0.06).
The duration of symptoms was statistically significantly related to a decrease in recurrence-free survival. One-month delay from onset of symptoms to start of radiotherapy was equivalent to a 4.5% decrease in recurrence-free survival.
"Compared with the entire patient cohort, the eligible patients included a higher proportion with locally advanced disease, mainly because none of the patients with small glottic cancers had two scans. It might introduce a bias, but we did not find any correlation between tumor size and growth and other studies suggest the same impact of delay in glottic cancer as in other sites in head and neck  . Sixteen percent progressed in T or N classification even though our patients had rather advanced stage at presentation . "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Waiting-time prior to radiotherapy is a well-known problem. This study aims to determine the impact of time on tumor growth in a patient population with squamous-cell carcinoma of the head and neck (SCCHN).
In a consecutive cohort, all patients with both a diagnostic scan and a treatment-planning scan were identified. In total 648 patients were seen, and 414 treated with primary radiotherapy. Ninety-five had two scans and 61 sets were eligible for comparison. Endpoints were change in tumor volume, tumor volume doubling time (TVD) and disease progression measured by TNM-classification and RECIST criteria.
Median interval between eligible scans was 28 (5-95) days. Thirty-eight (62%) had measurable increase in tumor volume, median 46% (6-495%). For all patients TVD was median 99 days, but for the half of patients with fastest growing tumors TVD was 30 days (15-41). Tumor volume increase was significantly correlated to time and histological differentiation. Twelve (20%) developed new lymph-node metastasis and 10 (16%) progressed in TNM-classification. Evaluated by RECIST criteria 18 (30%) patients had progressive disease.
This study shows a negative impact of waiting time in patients with SCCHN. Within an average time of 4 weeks the majority of the patients developed significant signs of tumor progression. It was not possible to define a threshold for acceptable time intervals in order to avoid volume changes, or to define a subgroup that has no negative impact of delay.
Radiotherapy and Oncology 08/2007; 84(1):5-10. DOI:10.1016/j.radonc.2007.04.001 · 4.36 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In Denmark, a general impression of prolonged pretreatment delay for patients with head and neck cancer led to a nationwide study of time spans from symptom debut over first health care contact to start of treatment. Charts of consecutive new patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the pharynx and larynx, seen at the five Danish oncology centers in January-April 1992 and 2002, respectively, were reviewed. Of the 288 patients identified, definitive treatment was radiotherapy in 264 cases, surgery in one case. Twenty-three patients had neither surgery nor radiotherapy. Total time from first health care contact to start of definitive treatment was significantly longer in 2002 than in 1992 (median 70 versus 50 days, p<0.001). There was no significantly difference in time used for diagnosis. Time for treatment preparation and planning was 46 days in 2002 versus 31 days in 1992 (p<0.001). Significantly more diagnostic procedures (CT, MR, US, PET) were done in 2002. In conclusion, this nationwide study showed that waiting time before start of radiotherapy was significantly longer in 2002 compared to 1992. An increasing number of imaging procedures including CT-based dose planning was observed. The prolongation was mainly related to shortage of radiotherapy capacity. The three weeks extra pretreatment delay could theoretically lead to a 10% lower tumor control probability in 2002 compared to 1992.
Georgia Christofi, Konstantinos P Donas, Georgios A Pitoulias, Giovanni Torsello, Arne G Schwindt, Konstantinos Stavroulakis
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