Mass spectrometry for high throughput quantitative proteomics in plant research: lessons from thylakoid membranes.
ABSTRACT Proteomics seeks to monitor the flux of protein through cells under variable developmental and environmental influences as programmed by the genome. Consequently, it is necessary to measure changes in protein abundance and turnover rate as faithfully as possible. In the absence of non-invasive technologies, the majority of proteomics approaches involve destructive sampling at various time points to obtain 'snapshots' that periodically report the genomes's product. The work has fallen to separations technologies coupled to mass spectrometry, for high throughput protein identification. Quantitation has become the major challenge facing proteomics as the field matures. Because of the variability of day-to-day measurements of protein quantities by mass spectrometry, a common feature of quantitative proteomics is the use of stable isotope coding to distinguish control and experimental samples in a mixture that can be profiled in a single experiment. To address limitations with separation technologies such as 2D-gel electrophoresis, alternative systems are being introduced including multi-dimensional chromatography. Strategies that accelerate throughput for mass spectrometry are also emerging and the benefits of these 'shotgun' protocols will be considered in the context of the thylakoid membrane and photosynthesis. High resolution Fourier-transform mass spectrometry is bringing increasingly accurate mass measurements to peptides and a variety of gas-phase dissociation mechanisms are permitting 'top-down' sequencing of intact proteins. Finally, a versatile workflow for sub-cellular compartments including membranes is presented that allows for intact protein mass measurements, localization of post-translational modifications and relative quantitation or turnover measurement.
- SourceAvailable from: Shixiang YaoMolecular Plant 08/2014; 7(11). DOI:10.1093/mp/ssu089 · 6.61 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: In the last decade, the improved performance and versatility of the mass spectrometers together with the increasing availability of gene and genomic sequence database, led the mass spectrometry to become an indispensable tool for either protein and proteome analyses in cereals. Mass spectrometric works on prolamins have rapidly evolved from the determination of the molecular masses of proteins to the proteomic approaches aimed to a large-scale protein identification and study of functional and regulatory aspects of proteins. Mass spectrometry coupled with electrophoresis, chromatographic methods, and bioinformatics tools is currently making significant contributions to a better knowledge of the composition and structure of the cereal proteins and their structure-function relationships. Results obtained using mass spectrometry, including characterization of prolamins, investigation of the gluten toxicity for coeliac patients, identification of proteins responsible of cereal allergies, determination of the protein pattern and its modification under environmental or stress effects, investigation of genetically modified varieties by proteomic approaches, are summarized here, to illustrate current trends, analytical troubles and challenges, and suggest possible future perspectives.Mass Spectrometry Reviews 07/2012; 31(4):448-65. DOI:10.1002/mas.20347 · 8.05 Impact Factor
- The Plant Cell 12/2007; 19(11):3339-46. DOI:10.1105/tpc.107.053991 · 9.58 Impact Factor