T cells from epicutaneously immunized mice are prone to T cell receptor revision.

Section of Immunobiology, Howard Hughes Medical Institute and Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06520, USA.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (Impact Factor: 9.81). 03/2005; 102(8):2898-903. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0409880102
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Epicutaneous immunization of T cell receptor (TCR) transgenic (Tg) mice whose CD4(+) T cells are specific for the Ac1-11 fragment of myelin basic protein (MBP) with Ac1-11 elicits T cells with dominant suppressor/regulatory activity that confers protection against Ac1-11-induced experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis. We now report that such disease-resistant MBP TCR Tg mice also harbor a sizeable fraction of peripheral CD4(+) T cells lacking surface expression of the Tg TCR beta chain and expressing diverse, endogenously rearranged TCR beta chains. Ex vivo incubation at physiological temperature caused the loss of neo-beta-chain expression and reversion to the MBP alphabeta TCR(+) phenotype. The presence of recombination activating gene 1 and 2 proteins in CD4(+) T cells with revised TCRs was consistent with effective V(D)J recombination activity. The emergence of these cells did not depend on the thymic compartment. We conclude that in mice epicutaneously immunized with an autoantigen, peripheral specific T cells are susceptible to multiple mechanisms of tolerance.

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    ABSTRACT: Peripheral CD4 T cells in Vβ5 transgenic (Tg) C57BL/6J mice undergo tolerance to an endogenous superantigen encoded by mouse mammary tumor virus 8 (Mtv-8) by either deletion or T-cell receptor (TCR) revision. Revision is a process by which surface expression of the Vβ5(+) TCR is down-regulated in response to Mtv-8 and recombination activating genes are expressed to drive rearrangement of the endogenous TCRβ locus, effecting cell rescue through the expression of a newly generated, non-self-reactive TCR. In an effort to identify the microenvironment in which revision takes place, we show here that the proportion of T follicular helper cells (Tfh) and production of high-affinity antibody during a primary response are increased in Vβ5 Tg mice in an Mtv-8-dependent manner. Revising T cells have a Tfh-like surface phenotype and transcription factor profile, with elevated expression of B-cell leukemia/lymphoma 6 (Bcl-6), CXC chemokine receptor 5, programmed death-1, and other Tfh-associated markers. Efficient revision requires Bcl-6 and is inhibited by B lymphocyte-induced maturation protein-1. Revision completes less efficiently in the absence of signaling lymphocytic activation molecule-associated protein although initiation proceeds normally. These data indicate that Tfh formation is required for the initiation of revision and germinal-center interactions for its completion. The germinal center is known to provide a confined space in which B-cell antigen receptors undergo selection. Our data extend the impact of this selective microenvironment into the arena of T cells, suggesting that this fluid structure also provides a regulatory environment in which TCR revision can safely take place.
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 03/2014; DOI:10.1073/pnas.1321803111 · 9.81 Impact Factor
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May 22, 2014