Community reintegration of prisoners with mental illness: a social investment perspective.
ABSTRACT Responding effectively and efficiently to the needs of persons with mental illness returning to the community from prison requires identifying their differences in need and placement difficulties upon return and targeting reintegration investments to reflect these differences. This paper has three parts. The first part profiles the male special needs population in New Jersey prisons. These profiles describe behavioral health and criminal justice characteristics of 2715 male inmates with mental health problems, and are used to identify the scope and nature of the public's investment opportunity. The next part describes the costs associated with possible "investments." The special needs population is classified by need and placement difficulty, and then matched to reentry and community-based treatment programs. Costs are estimated for reentry planning and community-based treatment for the first year post-release. The third part recommends an investment strategy and a set of operational changes that might minimize the loss and maximize the return on the public's investment dollar in mental health.
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ABSTRACT: The reform of the Mental Health Act in 2007 saw the introduction of Supervised Community Treatment Orders (CTOs) in England and Wales. It is argued that this marks a fundamental shift in the rights of those subject to mental health legislation. This paper will explore the developments in mental health policy in the 1980s and 1990s that form the backdrop to the introduction of CTOs. It uses Simon's Governing through crime (2007) as a basis to explore the developments in mental health policy that resulted in the final introduction of CTOs. The paper explores the paradox at the heart of mental health policy. This paradox being that while the protections and the rights of the mentally ill have increased in a formal legal sense, this has not resulted in the achievement of full citizenship that the idealism of the original proponent of the closure of the asylums envisaged.Journal of Social Welfare and Family Law 01/2013; 34(3):325-337. DOI:10.1080/09649069.2012.750482