Characterization of AMN107, a selective inhibitor of native and mutant Bcr-Abl

Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA.
Cancer Cell (Impact Factor: 23.89). 03/2005; 7(2):129-41. DOI: 10.1016/j.ccr.2005.01.007
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The Bcr-Abl tyrosine kinase oncogene causes chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) and Philadelphia chromosome-positive (Ph+) acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). We describe a novel selective inhibitor of Bcr-Abl, AMN107 (IC50 <30 nM), which is significantly more potent than imatinib, and active against a number of imatinib-resistant Bcr-Abl mutants. Crystallographic analysis of Abl-AMN107 complexes provides a structural explanation for the differential activity of AMN107 and imatinib against imatinib-resistant Bcr-Abl. Consistent with its in vitro and pharmacokinetic profile, AMN107 prolonged survival of mice injected with Bcr-Abl-transformed hematopoietic cell lines or primary marrow cells, and prolonged survival in imatinib-resistant CML mouse models. AMN107 is a promising new inhibitor for the therapy of CML and Ph+ ALL.

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Structure-based ligand design in medicinal chemistry and crop protection relies on the identification and quantification of weak noncovalent interactions and understanding the role of water. Small-molecule and protein structural database searches are important tools to retrieve existing knowledge. Thermodynamic profiling, combined with X-ray structural and computational studies, is the key to elucidate the energetics of the replacement of water by ligands. Biological receptor sites vary greatly in shape, conformational dynamics, and polarity, and require different ligand-design strategies, as shown for various case studies. Interactions between dipoles have become a central theme of molecular recognition. Orthogonal interactions, halogen bonding, and amide⋅⋅⋅π stacking provide new tools for innovative lead optimization. The combination of synthetic models and biological complexation studies is required to gather reliable information on weak noncovalent interactions and the role of water.
    Angewandte Chemie International Edition 01/2015; 46(18). DOI:10.1002/anie.201408487 · 11.34 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) have profoundly changed the natural history of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). However, acquired resistance to imatinib, dasatinib or nilotinib (1(st) and 2(nd) generation TKIs), due in part to BCR-ABL1 kinase mutations, has been largely described. These drugs are ineffective on the T315I gatekeeper substitution, which remains sensitive to 3(rd) generation TKI ponatinib. It has recently been suggested that the hematopoietic niche could protect leukemic cells from targeted therapy. In order to investigate the role of a stromal niche in mutation-related resistance, we developed a niche-based cell mutagenesis assay. For this purpose, ENU (N-ethyl-N-nitrosourea)-exposed UT-7 cells expressing non-mutated or T315I-mutated BCR-ABL1 were cultured with or without murine MS-5 stromal cells and in the presence of imatinib, dasatinib, nilotinib, or ponatinib. In the assays relative to 1(st) and 2(nd) generation TKIs, which were performed on non-mutated BCR-ABL1 cells, our data highlighted the increasing efficacy of the latter, but did not reveal any substantial effect of the niche. In ponatinib assays performed on both non-mutated and T315I-mutated BCR-ABL1 cells, an increased number of resistant clones were observed in the presence of MS-5. Present data suggested that T315I mutants need either compound mutations (e.g. E255K/T315I) or a stromal niche to escape from ponatinib. Using array-comparative genomic hybridization experiments, we found an increased number of variations (involving some recurrent chromosome regions) in clones cultured on MS-5 feeder. Overall, our study suggests that the hematopoietic niche could play a crucial role in conferring resistance to ponatinib, by providing survival signals and favoring genetic instability.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We designed a series of 2-methylpyrimidine derivatives as new BCR-ABL inhibitors using scaffold-hopping strategy. These synthetic compounds exhibited significant inhibition against a broad spectrum of Bcr-Abl mutants including the gatekeeper T315I mutant. Compound 7u showed very potent kinase inhibitory activities against Bcr-Abl WT, Bcr-Abl E255K, Bcr-Abl Q252H, Bcr-Abl G250E and Bcr-Abl T315I, with IC50 values of 0.13 nM, 0.17 nM, 0.24 nM, 0.19 nM and 0.65 μM, respectively. This compound also displayed anti-proliferation activity against K562 cell line with an IC50 value of 1.1 nM, thus representing a new lead for further optimization.
    Science China-Chemistry 06/2013; 57(6):823-832. DOI:10.1007/s11426-013-5011-9 · 1.52 Impact Factor


Available from
Jun 4, 2014