Contextual features and behavioral functions of self-mutilation among adolescents.
ABSTRACT Adolescent self-mutilative behavior (SMB) is a pervasive and dangerous problem, yet factors influencing the performance of SMB are not well understood. The authors examined the contextual features and behavioral functions of SMB in a sample of 89 adolescent psychiatric inpatients. SMB typically was performed impulsively, in the absence of physical pain, and without the use of alcohol or drugs. Moreover, analyses supported the construct validity of a functional model in which adolescents reported engaging in SMB for both automatic and social reinforcement. Considering the functions of SMB clarified the relations between SMB and other clinical constructs reported in previous studies such as suicide attempts, posttraumatic stress, and social concerns and has direct implications for the assessment and treatment of SMB.
Full-textDOI: · Available from: Mitchell J Prinstein, May 30, 2015
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ABSTRACT: Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) is the deliberate, self-inflicted destruction of body tissue without suicidal intent and an important clinical phenomenon. Rates of NSSI appear to be disproportionately high in adolescents and young adults, and is a risk factor for suicidal ideation and behavior. The present study reports the psychometric properties of the Impulse, Self-harm and Suicide Ideation Questionnaire for Adolescents (ISSIQ-A), a measure designed to comprehensively assess the impulsivity, NSSI behaviors and suicide ideation. An additional module of this questionnaire assesses the functions of NSSI. Results of Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA) of the scale on 1722 youths showed items' suitability and confirmed a model of four different dimensions (Impulse, Self-harm, Risk-behavior and Suicide ideation) with good fit and validity. Further analysis showed that youth׳s engagement in self-harm may exert two different functions: to create or alleviate emotional states, and to influence social relationships. Our findings contribute to research and assessment on non-suicidal self-injury, suggesting that the ISSIQ-A is a valid and reliable measure to assess impulse, self-harm and suicidal thoughts, in adolescence. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.04/2015; 227(2-3). DOI:10.1016/j.psychres.2015.01.031
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ABSTRACT: Artykuł prezentujący różne zastosowania pomiaru czasu reakcji w badaniach psychologicznych.01/2012;
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ABSTRACT: The aim of the present study was to describe the characteristics of repetitive self-injurious behaviour and related personality functioning as well as to explore the relationship between NSSI and alexithymia in a sample of NSSI adolescents (mean age= 16.1 yrs) within therapeutic communities. The results showed a representation of Cluster B personality features and personality disorders (e.g., borderline, narcissistic, antisocial). A significant association between NSSI behaviours and alexithymia was found. Additionally, the data supported the use of SWAP-200-A as an instrument for assessing personality functioning and personality pathology in adolescents who self-injure. Future research will be necessary to confirm these results.Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences 02/2014; 114:372-376. DOI:10.1016/j.sbspro.2013.12.714