Intracellular Ca2+ Release Triggers Translocation of Membrane Marker FM1-43 from the Extracellular Leaflet of Plasma Membrane into Endoplasmic Reticulum in T Lymphocytes
Department of Physiology and Membrane Biology, University of California, Davis, California 95616, USA. Journal of Biological Chemistry
(Impact Factor: 4.57).
05/2005; 280(16):16377-82. DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M501202200
Stimulation of T cell receptor in lymphocytes enhances Ca(2+) signaling and accelerates membrane trafficking. The relationships between these processes are not well understood. We employed membrane-impermeable lipid marker FM1-43 to explore membrane trafficking upon mobilization of intracellular Ca(2+) in Jurkat T cells. We established that liberation of intracellular Ca(2+) with T cell receptor agonist phytohemagglutinin P or with Ca(2+)-mobilizing agents ionomycin or thapsigargin induced accumulation of FM1-43 within the lumen of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), nuclear envelope (NE), and Golgi. FM1-43 loading into ER-NE and Golgi was not mediated via the cytosol because other organelles such as mitochondria and multivesicular bodies located in close proximity to the FM1-43-containing ER were free of dye. Intralumenal FM1-43 accumulation was observed even when Ca(2+) signaling in the cytosol was abolished by the removal of extracellular Ca(2+). Our findings strongly suggest that release of intracellular Ca(2+) may create continuity between the extracellular leaflet of the plasma membrane and the lumenal membrane leaflet of the ER by a mechanism that does not require global cytosolic Ca(2+) elevation.
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