Hematozoa of the avian family Brachypteraciidae (the ground-rollers)
ABSTRACT The Brachypteraciidae is an avian family endemic to Madagascar. Members of this family were mist-netted in Madagascar, and blood smears were made to screen for the presence of hematozoa. Smears were stained with Giemsa and examined at x100, x160, and x1000 for hematozoa. Three new species of avian hematozoa from wild-caught ground-rollers in Madagascar are described. Haemoproteus goodmani n. sp. is found in the pitta-like ground-roller (Atelornis pittoides), whereas Haemoproteus forresteri n. sp. and Leucocytozoon frascai n. sp. are from the rufous-headed ground-roller (Atelornis crossleyi). These represent the first hematozoa described from this family.
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ABSTRACT: Dicrurids are a widespread avian family in Africa and Asia. Earlier surveys of this family in these areas have reported the presence of hematozoa and 1 species of Haemoproteus, i.e., Haemoproteus dicruri (De Mello, 1935). One species of drongo occurs in Madagascar and has not been examined previously. Blood smears collected from wild-caught crested drongos, Dicrurus forficatus, in Madagascar were examined using a compound microscope for the presence of hematozoa. A new species, Haemoproteus khani, is described in this study. This new species has circumnuclear gametocytes, in contrast to the halteridial H. dicruri. In addition, H. dicruri is reported for the first time from the crested drongo and is redescribed. This is the first report of hematozoa in drongos of Madagascar.Journal of Parasitology 03/2005; 91(1):131-4. DOI:10.1645/GE-387R · 1.26 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: During a recent examination of blood smears from Malagasy birds, a species of avian Plasmodium unlike those currently known was observed. All infected birds were members of the Vangidae, which is endemic to Madagascar and the Comoro Islands. Plasmodium parvulum n. sp. is described, and classified as a member of the subgenus Haemamoeba because of gametocyte and schizont shape, displacement of the host cell nucleus, as well as distortion of the host cell. Round, rosettelike schizonts with 6-8 merozoites, clumped refractile granules, and little cytoplasm were observed. Both schizonts and mature, round gametocytes rotated and displaced the erythrocyte nucleus. A brief comparison to P. relictum is included.Journal of Parasitology 09/2005; 91(4):926-30. DOI:10.1645/GE-431R.1 · 1.26 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Investigators of haematozoa of the Timaliidae have reported the presence of two species of Leucocytozoon Berestneff, 1904, i.e. L. liothricis Laveran & Marullaz, 1914 and L. timaliae Bennett, Earlé & Pierce, 1993. Blood films collected from 42 wild-caught babblers in Madagascar were stained and examined for the presence of haematozoa using a compound microscope. To date, no species of avian haematozoa have been reported from babblers in Madagascar, although haematozoa have been observed. In the present study, we report a new species of Leucocytozoon, L. atkinsoni n. sp., whose morphometrics fall between those reported for the two previously described species from timaliids. The parasite is capped by the host cell nucleus covering 38% of its perimeter. L. atkinsoni n. sp. was found to have a marked, intensely staining, nucleolus as well as vacuoles in the parasite cytoplasm, in contrast to both L. liothricis and L. timaliae. Remnants of the host cell cytoplasm are commonly observed in cells infected with L. atkinsoni, a characteristic not reported in association with either of the previously described species from these hosts.Systematic Parasitology 07/2006; 64(2):105-9. DOI:10.1007/s11230-005-9023-5 · 1.04 Impact Factor