Predicting pure-tone thresholds with dichotic multiple frequency auditory steady state responses.

University of Pretoria, South Africa.
Journal of the American Academy of Audiology (Impact Factor: 1.63). 02/2005; 16(1):5-17. DOI: 10.3766/jaaa.16.1.2
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The accuracy of dichotic multiple frequency auditory steady state in predicting pure-tone thresholds at 0.5, 1, 2, and 4.0 kHz compared to an ABR protocol (click and tone burst at 0.5 kHz) were explored in a group of 25 hearing-impaired subjects across the degree and configuration spectrum. Mean steady state thresholds were within 14, 18, 15, and 14 dB of the pure tones at 0.5, 1, 2, and 4 kHz, compared to the tone-burst ABR at 0.5 kHz pure-tone difference of 24 dB, and a click-evoked pure-tone (2-4 kHz) difference of 9 dB. Recording time for the steady state protocol was 28 minutes (+/- 11) compared to 24 minutes (+/- 9) of the ABR protocol. Degree of loss had a significant effect on steady state; configuration of hearing loss had a limited effect. Mf ASSR predicted thresholds with relative accuracy although some configurations showed discrepancies for low-frequency estimates.

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    ABSTRACT: The inclusion of the auditory steady-state response (ASSR) into test-batteries for objective audiometry has allowed for clinical comparisons with the most widely used procedure, the auditory brainstem response (ABR). The current study describes ASSR and ABR thresholds for a group of infants and young children with various types and degrees of hearing loss. A sample of 48 subjects (23 female) with a mean age of 2.8+/-1.9 years SD were assessed with a comprehensive test-battery and classified according to type and degree of hearing loss. Thresholds were determined with a broadband click-evoked ABR and single frequency ASSR evoked with continuous tones (0.25-4 kHz) amplitude modulated (67-95 Hz). Mean difference scores (+/-SD) between the ABR and high frequency ASSR thresholds were 9.8 (+/-11), 3.6 (+/-12) and 10.5 (+/-12) dB at 1, 2 and 4 kHz, respectively. An ASSR mean threshold for 2-4 and 1-4 kHz compared to the ABR threshold revealed an average difference of 7 (+/-9) and 7.9 (+/-8) dB, respectively. The overall correlation between the ABR and ASSR thresholds was highest for the mean ASSR thresholds of 2-4 and 1-4 kHz (r=0.92 for both conditions). Correlations between the ABR and individual ASSR frequencies were slightly less (0.82-0.86). The average of the 2-4 kHz ASSR thresholds correlated best with the click-evoked ABR for all categories of hearing loss except for the sensorineural hearing loss category for which the 1-4 kHz ASSR average was better correlated to ABR thresholds. Findings demonstrate the reliability of verifying high frequency ASSR thresholds with a click-evoked ABR as an important cross-check in infants for whom behavioural audiometry may not be possible.
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