The Risk of Metachronous Neoplasia in Patients With Serrated Adenoma

Department of Pathology, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland.
American Journal of Clinical Pathology (Impact Factor: 2.51). 04/2005; 123(3):349-59. DOI: 10.1309/VBAG-V3BR-96N2-EQTR
Source: PubMed


Serrated adenomas are the precursors of at least 5.8% of colorectal cancers; otherwise little is known of their clinical significance in comparison with conventional adenomas and hyperplastic polyps. We compared the risk of metachronous lesions in colorectal serrated adenomas, conventional adenomas, and hyperplastic polyps. A consecutive series of patients with colorectal polyps first diagnosed from January 1978 to December 1982 and follow-up specimens to the end of 2000 was reviewed, and 239 polyps fulfilling the selection criteria were chosen as index polyps. The type of polyp seen in follow-up correlated significantly with the type of the initial lesion. Serrated adenomas were estimated to grow faster than conventional adenomas, but the incidence of colorectal cancer did not differ significantly between serrated (2/38 [5%]) and conventional adenomas (2.2%). The results indicate that serrated adenomas are lesions with a significant risk of metachronous serrated adenomas and the development of cancer. We emphasize the need for the proper recognition and management of serrated adenomas.

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Available from: Markus J Makinen, Jul 16, 2014
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    • "It has been indicated that 5.3% of serrated adenomas and 2.2% of conventional adenomas developed into cancer. Serrated adenomas with evident dysplasia are suggested to have a higher malignant tendency compared with conventional adenomas (16). However, the malignant potential of serrated adenomas is considered to be lower compared with that of conventional adenomas (3.2 vs. 9.3%) (17). "
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to investigate the clinicopathological characteristics of colorectal serrated lesions associated with invasive carcinoma and high-grade intraepithelial neoplasm (HIN), as well as to determine the immunohistochemical expression of MutL homolog 1 (MLH1), MutS homolog 2 (MSH2), K-ras and O6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT). A total of 5,347 cases diagnosed with colorectal polyp or adenoma were included in this study from October 2002 to September 2009. A total of 16 cases of colorectal serrated lesions associated with invasive carcinoma/HIN were screened. These comprised seven cases of traditional serrated adenoma (TSA) associated with invasive carcinoma and HIN, six cases of sessile serrated adenoma (SSA) associated with invasive carcinoma/HIN and three cases of hyperplastic polyp (HP) associated with invasive carcinoma/HIN. TSA associated with invasive carcinoma/HIN predominantly occurred in the rectum with a clearly serrated structure and ectopic crypts. High-grade dysplasia was observed in filiform TSA, which was more prone to carcinogenesis. SSA associated with invasive carcinoma/HIN mainly occurred in the ileocecal junction, with the SSA serrated glands closely located adjacent to the muscularis mucosa and the basal crypt expanded with inverted Tor L-shaped branches. HPs were observed in three cases in the cancer-adjacent tissues with invasive carcinoma, while a HP-SSA/TSA-carcinoma sequence was found in two cases. Immunohistochemistry showed that MGMT expression was significantly different in the serrated lesion tissues compared with that in cancer tissues (P=0.022), control cancer tissues (P=0.002) and normal colorectal epithelial tissues (P=0.003). TSA and SSA may progress to cancer or directly develop into invasive adenocarcinoma. Filiform TSA easily develops into HIN, followed by infiltration. HP.
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    • "Also, there appears to be a temporal association between the two lesions. Lazarus et al [19] found that some patients "
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    ABSTRACT: Serrated adenomas (SAs) are part of the distinct serrated polyp pathway of colorectal carcinogenesis characterized by microsatellite instability and deficiency in DNA mismatch repair. Sessile SA is a recently recognized lesion that typically presents as a large sessile polyp, but lacks the conventional dysplasia. It is more frequently found on the right side than on the left side of the colon, and is thought to represent an intermediate form in the hyperplastic polyp to sessile SA, traditional SA, and colon cancer sequence. Many terms have been used and are still in use in the literature to describe this lesion, such as "hyperplastic polyposis", "giant hyperplastic polyposis," "large hyperplastic polyps," "hyperplastic-adenomatous polyposis syndrome," "giant hyperplastic polyp," and "mixed epithelial polyp." The purpose of this paper is to review and clarify the confusing nomenclature, and to provide a framework for understanding the genetic alterations and clinical significance of these precursor lesions in the serrated polyp pathway of colorectal caner.
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