Usefulness of a single trocar for intrathoracic anastomosis during open thoracic surgery for esophageal cancer.
ABSTRACT When patients with esophageal cancer undergo intrathoracic anastomosis after esophagectomy in our institution, we resect the lesser curvature in the thorax using a surgical instrument after circular-stapled esophagogastric anastomosis. We then place the trocar in the seventh intercostal space on the midaxillary line, except in fifth intercostal anterolateral thoracotomy. A linear stapler applied through the thoracotomy sometimes blocks the operator's view, and so it is not so easy to operate with a rather big head in the thorax. We operate a linear cutter for laparoscopic surgery through the trocar. With this method, the instrument is used in good position in respect to the operator's view, and access to the gastric tube is easy. Moreover, we can adjust the resectional angle with this instrument by using the bending mechanism in its shaft. Furthermore, we can reuse the trocar site for the chest tube.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: To investigate the influence of the operative procedures of reconstruction after resection of esophageal cancer on the postoperative quality of life, an interview was conducted and subjective and objective factors related to the quality of life were evaluated in 50 patients without a recurrence of esophageal cancer. Among the 50 cases, reconstruction by the antethoracal route was performed in 9 (group I) and by the retrosternal route in 24 (group II). Intrathoracic anastomosis was done in 17 (group III). A postoperative disturbance of the food passage was seen 22.0, 41.6, and 5.9% in groups I, II, and III, respectively. Dumping symptom was evident 11.1, 12.5, and 11.8%, respectively. Heartburn was seen only in two cases, in group III. A body weight loss of more than 1.0 kg from preoperative weight was seen in 33.3, 41.7, and 41.2% of groups I, II, and III, respectively. There was no difference in the postoperative performance status or laboratory data among the groups. Thus, although intrathoracic anastomosis was favorable for postoperative food passage, there was no significant difference in any other factors in the quality of life among the routes of reconstruction, and the quality of life gradually improved in patients of all groups as postoperative time passed in the cases without postoperative recurrence of esophageal cancer.World Journal of Surgery 01/1993; 17(6):773-6. · 2.23 Impact Factor
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Extensive lymph node dissections in the posterior mediastinum and abdomen were performed during resections of esophageal carcinomas. Analysis of lymph nodes demonstrated a widespread distribution of positive lymph nodes regardless of the location of the tumor. The distribution of positive lymph nodes was noticed in the area between the superior mediastinum and the celiac region. The studies were also made on the distribution of positive lymph nodes in the superior gastric region, particularly in the region of the lesser curvature of the stomach. The following principles should be followed when carcinoma of the esophagus is surgically treated. 1) Lymph node dissection of the whole length of the posterior mediastinum, superior gastric region, and celiac region must be performed. 2) Total thoracic and abdominal esophagectomy with resection of the proximal lesser curvature and cardia, including the first to fourth branches, and preferably the fifth branch of the left gastric artery, is mandatory in order to remove possible lymphatic and intramural spread of tumors. 3) Satisfactory esophageal replacement in one stage must follow. Of the Toranomon Hospital, 210 underwent resections and reconstructions, for a resectability rate of 59.3%. The operative mortality rate was 1.4% and the overall five-year survival rate was 34.6%.Annals of Surgery 11/1981; 194(4):438-46. · 6.33 Impact Factor
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The purpose of the study was to compare in prospective randomized fashion a manually sutured esophagogastric anastomosis in the neck and a stapled in the chest after esophageal resection and gastric tube reconstruction. Despite the fact that all reconstructions after esophagectomy will result in a cervical or a thoracic anastomosis, controversy still exists as to the optimal site for the anastomosis. In uncontrolled studies, both neck and chest anastomoses have been advocated. The only reported randomized study is difficult to evaluate because of varying routes of the substitute and different anastomotic techniques within the groups. The reported high failure rate of stapled anastomoses in the neck and the fact that most surgeons prefer to suture cervical anastomoses made us choose this technique for anastomosis in the neck. Our routine and the preference of most surgeons to staple high thoracic anastomoses became decisive for type of thoracic anastomoses. Between May 9, 1990 and February 5, 1996, 83 patients undergoing esophageal resection were prospectively randomized to receive an esophagogastric anastomosis in the neck (41 patients) or an esophagogastric anastomosis in the chest (42 patients). To evaluate selection bias, patients undergoing esophageal resection during the same period but not randomized (n = 29) were also followed and compared with those in the study (n = 83). Objective measurements of anastomotic level and diameter were assessed with an endoscope and balloon catheter 3, 6, and 12 months after surgery. The long-term survival rates were compared with the log-rank test. Two patients (1.8%) died in hospital, and the remaining 110 patients were followed until death or for a minimum of 60 months. The genuine 5-year survival rate was 29% for chest anastomoses and 30% for neck anastomoses. The overall leakage rate was 1.8% (2 cases of 112) with no relation to mortality or anastomotic method. All patients in the randomized group had tumor-free proximal and distal resection lines, but 1 patient in the nonrandomized group had tumor infiltrates in the proximal resection margin. At 3, 6, and 12 months after operation, there was no difference in anastomotic diameter between the esophagogastric anastomosis in the neck and in the thorax (P = 0.771), and both increased with time (P = 0.004, ANOVA repeated measures). Body weight development was the same in the two groups. With similar results in randomized and nonrandomized patients, study bias was eliminated. When performed in a standardized way, neck and chest anastomoses after esophageal resection are equally safe. The additional esophageal resection of 5 cm in the neck group did not increase tumor removal and survival; on the other hand, it did not adversely influence morbidity, anastomotic diameter, or eating as reflected by body weight development.Annals of Surgery 01/2004; 238(6):803-12; discussion 812-4. · 6.33 Impact Factor