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No evidence of mitochondrial respiratory dysfunction in OGG1-null mice deficient in removal of 8-oxodeoxyguanine from mitochondrial DNA.

Department of Biology, Brock University, St. Catharines, ON, Canada L2S 3A1.
Free Radical Biology and Medicine (Impact Factor: 5.71). 04/2005; 38(6):737-45. DOI: 10.1016/j.freeradbiomed.2004.12.003
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Accumulation of high levels of mutagenic oxidative mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) lesions like 8-oxodeoxyguanine (8-oxodG) is thought to be involved in the development of mitochondrial dysfunction in aging and in disorders associated with aging. Mice null for oxoguanine DNA glycosylase (OGG1) are deficient in 8-oxodG removal and accumulate 8-oxodG in mtDNA to levels 20-fold higher than in wild-type mice (N.C. Souza-Pinto et al., 2001, Cancer Res. 61, 5378-5381). We have used these animals to investigate the effects on mitochondrial function of accumulating this particular oxidative base modification. Despite the presence of high levels of 8-oxodG, mitochondria isolated from livers and hearts of Ogg1-/- mice were functionally normal. No differences were detected in maximal (chemically uncoupled) respiration rates, ADP phosphorylating respiration rates, or nonphosphorylating rates with glutamate/malate or with succinate/rotenone. Similarly, maximal activities of respiratory complexes I and IV from liver and heart were not different between wild-type and Ogg1-/- mice. In addition, there was no indication of increased oxidative stress in mitochondria from Ogg1-/- mice, as measured by mitochondrial protein carbonyl content. We conclude, therefore, that highly elevated levels of 8-oxodG in mtDNA do not cause mitochondrial respiratory dysfunction in mice.

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