Occupational science: bridging occupation and health.
ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: The paper is based on a keynote address delivered at the 2004 CAOT Conference in Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island Occupational therapists are widely associated with a medical model of health care in which recognition of how engagement in occupation contributes to health status is poorly understood. Occupational science as the study of people as occupational beings has the potential to increase such understanding. PURPOSE: This paper considers some aspects of the relationship between health and the occupations of older people to highlight avenues for change and the research required to support them. METHOD: The paper is structured around a simple verse of dialogue between a healthy old man and an occupational therapist. Explanation of the dialogue draws upon historical and current literature as well as occupational science research to provide a rationale for future practice based on broader concepts of occupation for health. RESULTS AND PRACTICE SUGGESTIONS: The dialogue promotes the need for discussion about health and about the health notion of Active Ageing. It highlights professional language as one impediment to change and suggests that research concerning occupation as it relates to population health is a primary requirement for the future of occupational therapy.
- SourceAvailable from: Charlotte Lofqvist
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- "The four main risk factors for fall involved in the in-depth fall assessment of the PHV protocol seem relevant since we also identified one or more of these risk factors among those assessed as having a risk of falling. Also, decreased ability to perform meaningful activities in life is known to negatively influence health . Questions assessing considerable changes in the patterns of activities were therefore considered important to involve in the protocol. "
ABSTRACT: The purpose of preventive home visits is to promote overall health and wellbeing in old age. The aim of this paper was to describe the process of the development of evidence-based preventive home visits, targeting independent community-living older persons. The evidence base was generated from published studies and practical experiences. The results demonstrate that preventive home visits should be directed to persons 80 years old and older and involve various professional competences. The visits should be personalized, lead to concrete interventions, and be followed up. The health areas assessed should derive from a broad perspective and include social, psychological, and medical aspects. Core components in the protocol developed in this study captured physical, medical, psychosocial, and environmental aspects. Results of a pilot study showed that the protocol validly identified health risks among older people with different levels of ADL dependence.Journal of aging research 01/2012; 2012(2):352942. DOI:10.1155/2012/352942
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- "The material clarified how the participants found resources through the theatre production to change destructive occupational patterns and use and develop their capacities. Wilcock (2004) clarified how creativity provides possibilities to shape and bring new characters into existence. Participants received tools to express their frustrations as well as hopes for the future. "
ABSTRACT: This article focuses on theatre as an occupation for asylum seekers living in immigration centres. The aim is to describe the engagement of asylum seekers in a theatre production that presented their experiences. The participants (n = 11, M = 7, F = 4) came from a Norwegian reception centre for people seeking asylum and originated from Asia and Africa. The study had an ethnographic design and used participatory observations. Data was analysed using an interpretative method. The findings identified themes of waiting for a future, making narrative turning points, becoming visible through participation and creating meeting places with possibilities through theatre. The discussion addresses how engagement in theatre might serve to liberate people in locked situations, how participation in such occupations creates relational aesthetics that can construct collaboration and social relations, and how the stories of life experts can create art expressions in the context of applied theatre without being a professional artist.Journal of Occupational Science 08/2010; 17(3):168-176. DOI:10.1080/14427591.2010.9686691
- "The lack of a healthy environment has a negative impact on physical and mental health (Wilcock, 2005). With an increasing shift to primary health care and increasing attention on prevention and (inter)dependence, there is an increased need and opportunity for occupational therapy services to enrich the services available through primary health care (Baum, 1998). "