Major and subthreshold depression among older adults seeking vision rehabilitation services.

Arlene R. Gordon Research Institute, Lighthouse International, 111 East 59th St., New York, NY 10022, USA.
American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry (Impact Factor: 3.52). 04/2005; 13(3):180-7. DOI: 10.1176/appi.ajgp.13.3.180
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Authors examined the potential risk factors of major and subthreshold depression among elderly persons seeking rehabilitation for age-related vision impairment.
Participants (N=584), age 65 and older, with a recent vision loss, were new applicants for rehabilitation services. Subthreshold depression was defined as a depressive syndrome not meeting criteria for a current major depression (i.e., minor depression, major depression in partial remission, dysthymia) or significant depressive symptomatology.
Seven percent of respondents had a current major depression, and 26.9% met the criteria for a subthreshold depression. Poorer self-rated health, lower perceived adequacy of social support, decreased feelings of self-efficacy, and a past history of depression increased the odds of both a subthreshold and major depression, versus no depression, but greater functional disability and experiencing a negative life event were significant only for a subthreshold depression. Only a history of past depression was significant in increasing the odds of having a major versus a subthreshold depression.
Results highlight similarities in characteristics of, and risk factors for, subthreshold and major depression. Future research is needed to better understand both the trajectory and treatment of subthreshold depression, relative to major depressive disorders.

  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Older adults with a visual impairment are particularly vulnerable for increased depression and anxiety symptoms; however, they tend to underutilise mental health services. The present study aims to characterise the perceived need for and barriers to use mental health services in visually impaired older adults based on Andersen's behavioural model.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: With advancing old age comes increased risk of chronic physical or mental impairment and resulting disability, with many potential paths to adaptation. An understanding of the types of resources older adults may utilize to adapt to disability, and how they move through disablement and adjustment processes, can assist professionals as they work with disabled older adults to achieve optimal outcomes. This article reviews characteristics and disability trends in older adults, research and treatment issues in disability, and both clinical and public policy implications regarding disability. The example of dealing with vision loss due to age-related eye disease is used to exemplify chronic impairment, which can be accompanied by comorbid depression with resulting functional disability, and the types of resources available. Disability is considered in the context of older adults' health, personal factors, and external factors representing their life circumstances.
    Clinical Gerontologist 11/2013; 37(1):76-89. DOI:10.1080/07317115.2013.847516 · 0.66 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background Since there is evidence that mental health aspects (such as depression) may inhibit an optimal rehabilitation outcome, there is growing interest in the psychosocial aspects of vision loss as part of rehabilitation. The purpose of this study is to provide more insight into the construct validity and (longitudinal) interpretation of goals related to `Coping with mental (emotional) health aspects¿ which are part of the recently developed `Dutch ICF Activity Inventory (D-AI). Moreover, the data allowed to provide some insight in the outcome in this domain in relation to rehabilitation programs followed in Dutch Multidisciplinary Rehabilitation Centers at baseline and follow-up.Methods In a cohort of 241 visually impaired persons, the D-AI was assessed at baseline (enrollment), 4 and 12 months, The importance and difficulty of the D-AI goals `Handle feelings¿, `Acceptance¿, and `Feeling fit¿ and difficulty scores of underlying tasks were further analyzed, together with similar or related standardized questionnaires. At baseline, Spearman correlations were determined between D-AI goals and task and additional questionnaires to investigate the construct validity. Corrected and uncorrected linear mixed models were used to determine longitudinal rehabilitation outcomes in relation to rehabilitation programs followed.ResultsBaseline correlations indicated that the difficulty of tasks and the umbrella goal `Acceptance¿ were not similar. Longitudinal analyses provided insight in some subtle differences in concepts measured at the goal and task level of the D-AI, as well as similar validated questionnaires. After correcting for confounding variables, none of the underlying task difficulty scales changed over time. For goal difficulty scores only `Acceptance¿ was reported to be significantly less difficult at 4 and 12 months follow-up. Importance scores of goals were stable from baseline to follow-up.Conclusion With respect to the constructs measured, results support the formulation of the new goal question `Emotional life¿ which replaces the goals `Handle feelings¿ and `Acceptance¿. Results indicate that MRCs should pay more attention to problems related to mental health. They have started to use the D-AI as it seems a promising tool to investigate and evaluate rehabilitation needs (including those related to mental health) over time and to clearly define rehabilitation goals from the very start.
    Health and Quality of Life Outcomes 12/2014; 12(1):5. DOI:10.1186/s12955-014-0182-4 · 2.10 Impact Factor