Nasopharyngeal carcinoma-susceptibility locus is localized to a 132 kb segment containing HLA-A using high-resolution microsatellite mapping.
ABSTRACT Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is an epithelial tumor uniquely prevalent in southern Chinese. HLA-A2 is associated with NPC. In a previous study, we showed that the genes associated with susceptibility to NPC are primarily located within the HLA-A locus in Taiwanese NPC patients. However, the pathogenic genes causing NPC susceptibility remain unknown. Here, 8 polymorphic microsatellite markers distributed over a 1 megabase region surrounding the HLA-A locus were subjected to genetic analysis for the NPC-susceptibility locus. Statistical studies of associated alleles detected on each microsatellite locus showed that the NPC- susceptibility genes are most likely located between the D6S510 and D6S211 markers within a 132 kb segment containing the HLA-A locus. These results undoubtedly would facilitate the further positional cloning of the NPC-susceptibility locus, which has been elusive for the past 30 years.
Article: A genome-wide association study of nasopharyngeal carcinoma identifies three new susceptibility loci.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: To identify genetic susceptibility loci for nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC), a genome-wide association study was performed using 464,328 autosomal SNPs in 1,583 NPC affected individuals (cases) and 1,894 controls of southern Chinese descent. The top 49 SNPs from the genome-wide association study were genotyped in 3,507 cases and 3,063 controls of southern Chinese descent from Guangdong and Guangxi. The seven supportive SNPs were further confirmed by transmission disequilibrium test analysis in 279 trios from Guangdong. We identified three new susceptibility loci, TNFRSF19 on 13q12 (rs9510787, Pcombined=1.53x10(-9), odds ratio (OR)=1.20), MDS1-EVI1 on 3q26 (rs6774494, Pcombined=1.34x10(-8), OR=0.84) and the CDKN2A-CDKN2B gene cluster on 9p21 (rs1412829, Pcombined=4.84x10(-7), OR=0.78). Furthermore, we confirmed the role of HLA by revealing independent associations at rs2860580 (Pcombined=4.88x10(-67), OR=0.58), rs2894207 (Pcombined=3.42x10(-33), OR=0.61) and rs28421666 (Pcombined=2.49x10(-18), OR=0.67). Our findings provide new insights into the pathogenesis of NPC by highlighting the involvement of pathways related to TNFRSF19 and MDS1-EVI1 in addition to HLA molecules.Nature Genetics 07/2010; 42(7):599-603. · 35.53 Impact Factor