Coronary artery calcification score by multislice computed tomography predicts the outcome of dobutamine cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging.
ABSTRACT The aim of this study was to determine whether a coronary artery calcium (CAC) score of less than 11 can reliably rule out myocardial ischemia detected by dobutamine cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) in patients suspected of having myocardial ischemia. In 114 of 136 consecutive patients clinically suspected of myocardial ischemia with an inconclusive diagnosis of myocardial ischemia, dobutamine CMR was performed and the CAC score was determined. The CAC score was obtained by 16-row multidetector compued tomography (MDCT) and was calculated according to the method of Agatston. The CAC score and the results of the dobutamine CMR were correlated and the positive predictive value (PPV) and the negative predictive value (NPV) of the CAC score for dobutamine CMR were calculated. A total of 114 (87%) of the patients were eligible for this study. There was a significant correlation between the CAC score and dobutamine CMR (p<0.001). Patients with a CAC score of less than 11 showed no signs of inducible ischemia during dobutamine CMR. For a CAC score of less than 101, the NPV and the PPV of the CAC score for the outcome of dobutamine CMR were, respectively, 0.96 and 0.29. In patients with an inconclusive diagnosis of myocardial ischemia a MDCT CAC score of less than 11 reliably rules out myocardial ischemia detected by dobutamine CMR.
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ABSTRACT: With the widespread use of cardiac multidetector row computed tomography (MDCT), the issue of incidental findings is receiving increasing attention. Our objectives were to evaluate the prevalence of incidental findings discovered during cardiac MDCT scanning and to identify clinical variables associated with incidental findings. This cross-sectional analysis involved a population-based sample recruited from an integrated health care delivery system in Northern California as part of the Atherosclerotic Disease, Vascular Function and Genetic Epidemiology (ADVANCE) Study. Healthy men and women aged 60 to 69 years without diagnosed cardiovascular disease underwent cardiac MDCT for the detection and quantification of coronary artery calcification. The images were prospectively evaluated for incidental findings. A total of 459 participants underwent MDCT scanning, and the overall prevalence of any incidental finding was 41%. Of the 459 participants, 105 (23%) had at least 1 incidental finding that was recommended for clinical or radiological follow-up examination, the most common of which was single or multiple pulmonary nodules (18%). Participants with and without incidental findings had comparable baseline demographics and selected clinical variables, although there were significantly fewer men and a significantly lower prevalence of the metabolic syndrome in those with incidental findings. Incidental findings, especially pulmonary nodules, are common in cardiac MDCT performed to assess coronary artery calcification in older healthy adults. The net risks and benefits of looking for noncardiac abnormalities during cardiac MDCT should be rigorously evaluated.Archives of Internal Medicine 05/2008; 168(7):756-61. · 11.46 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: To investigate prospectively, in patients with suspicion of coronary artery disease (CAD), the added value of coronary calcium scoring (CS) as adjunct to cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) for the diagnosis of morphological coronary stenosis in comparison to catheter angiography (CA). Sixty consecutive patients (8 women; 64 ± 10 years) referred to CA underwent CMR (1.5 T) including perfusion and late gadolinium-enhancement imaging as well as CS with computed tomography. Diagnostic performance was evaluated for CMR and CS separately, and for both methods combined, with CA as reference standard. Best CS threshold combined with a specificity >90% to predict significant stenosis in patients without abnormalities on CMR was determined from receiver operator characteristics (ROC) analysis. Abnormal CMR results were considered to indicate significant stenosis regardless of CS; CS above threshold reclassified patients to have CAD regardless of CMR. CA identified 104/960 (11%) coronary segments with coronary artery stenosis >50% in 36/60 (60%) patients. ROC revealed an area-under-the-curve of 0.83 (95%CI: 0.68-0.99) with the best CS threshold of 495 Agatston score (sensitivity 50%). CMR depicted 128/960 (13%) myocardial segments with abnormalities in 31/60 (52%) patients. Sensitivity, specificity, negative (NPV) and positive predictive value (PPV) of CMR were 78, 88, 72 and 90%. When adding CS to CMR, sensitivity and NPV increased to 89 and 83%, while specificity and PPV slightly decreased to 83 and 89%. Accuracy of the combined approach (87%) was significantly (P < 0.05) higher than that of CMR (82%) alone. Adding CS to CMR improves the accuracy for the detection of morphological CAD.The international journal of cardiovascular imaging 10/2010; 27(7):969-77. · 2.15 Impact Factor