Correlation of proton MR spectroscopic imaging with gleason score based on step-section pathologic analysis after radical prostatectomy.

Department of Medical Physics, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, 1275 York Ave, New York, NY 10021, USA.
Radiology (Impact Factor: 6.21). 03/2005; 234(3):804-14. DOI: 10.1148/radiol.2343040363
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT To determine whether hydrogen 1 magnetic resonance (MR) spectroscopic imaging can be used to predict aggressiveness of prostate cancer.
All patients gave informed consent according to an institutionally approved research protocol. A total of 123 patients (median age, 58 years; age range, 40-74 years) who underwent endorectal MR imaging and MR spectroscopic imaging between January 2000 and December 2002 were included. MR imaging and spectroscopy were performed by using combined pelvic phased-array and endorectal probe. Water and lipids were suppressed, and phase-encoded data were acquired with 6.2-mm resolution. Voxels in the peripheral zone were considered suspicious for cancer if (Cho + Cr)/Cit was at least two standard deviations above the normal level, where Cho represents choline-containing compounds, Cr represents creatine and phosphocreatine, and Cit represents citrate. Correlation between metabolite ratio and four Gleason score groups identified at step-section pathologic evaluation (3 + 3, 3 + 4, 4 + 3, and > or =4 + 4) was assessed with generalized estimating equations.
Data from 94 patients were included. Pathologic evaluation was used to identify 239 lesions. Overall sensitivity of MR spectroscopic imaging was 56% for tumor detection, increasing from 44% in lesions with Gleason score of 3 + 3 to 89% in lesions with Gleason score greater than or equal to 4 + 4. There was a trend toward increasing (Cho + Cr)/Cit with increasing Gleason score in lesions identified correctly with MR spectroscopic imaging. Tumor volume assessed with MR spectroscopic imaging increased with increasing Gleason score.
MR spectroscopic imaging measurement of prostate tumor (Cho + Cr)/Cit and tumor volume correlate with pathologic Gleason score. There is overlap between MR spectroscopic imaging parameters at various Gleason score levels, which may reflect methodologic and physiologic variations. MR spectroscopic imaging has potential in noninvasive assessment of prostate cancer aggressiveness.

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    ABSTRACT: Multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (MP-MRI) has emerged as a promising method for the detection of prostate cancer. The functional MRI components of the MP-MRI consist of the diffusion weighted MRI, dynamic contrast enhanced MRI, and magnetic resonance spectroscopic imaging. The purpose of this paper is to review the existing literature about the use of functional MRI in prostate cancer detection.
    BioMed Research International 07/2014; 2014:590638. DOI:10.1155/2014/590638 · 2.71 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Prostate cancer is the most common cancer diagnosis in American men, excluding skin cancer. The clinical behavior of prostate cancer varies from low-grade, slow growing tumors to high-grade aggressive tumors that may ultimately progress to metastases and cause death. Given the high incidence of men diagnosed with prostate cancer, conservative treatment strategies such as active surveillance are critical in the management of prostate cancer to reduce therapeutic complications of radiation therapy or radical prostatectomy. In this review, we will review the role of multiparametric MRI in the selection and follow-up of patients on active surveillance.
    BioMed Research International 11/2014; 2014:203906. DOI:10.1155/2014/203906 · 2.71 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Introduction The main treatment methods of prostate carcinoma are surgery and radiation therapy, both having serious side effects. Because of these side effects, the idea of organ preserving therapy emerged. Rationale to perform focal therapy is to preserve the prostate gland, along with potency and continence, offering good cancer control with appropriate treatment. The idea of gland sparing therapy is quite controversial. Presently, EAU Guidelines propose focal therapy as experimental in the treatment of prostate carcinoma. Material and methods The aim of the study was to asses how many patients could be qualified for focal therapy, according to post prostatectomy pathological findings. 720 patients suspected of prostate cancer were biopsied. In 324 patients, prostate carcinoma was revealed, of which 81 were subjected to radical prostatectomy. Pre and post–operative pathological results were analyzed, according to possible qualification for focal treatment. Results According to the clinical evaluation of all the patients referred to the treatment, 25% could be assumed to have unifocal disease and could be qualified to the focal treatment. Post–operative evaluation revealed pT2b cancer in 5%, pT2c disease in 65%, and pT3a–pT4a disease in 20% of these patients. Cancer was unilateral (pT2a–b) in only 15% of cases, and was suitable for focal treatment (small disease not extending to whole lobe– pT2a disease) in only 10%. Conclusions It seems that with the use of current methods, proper T–staging of the disease and amount of neoplasmatic tissue inside the gland can not be reached with great certainty. In our opinion, focal therapy should not be used in patients with ≤pT2b and high risk disease. For them, radical treatment (surgery or radiation therapy) should be recommended. For the rest of the patients, with low risk disease, keeping in mind the large scale of possible overtreatment, active surveillance is a valid treatment option. Focal therapy can be an interesting therapeutic proposition for a small group of patients with pT2a cancer, but it is not possible to select them with big certainty with current methods of imaging medicine.
    08/2014; 67(3):235-41. DOI:10.5173/ceju.2014.03.art5

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