Article

Hemodynamics in off-pump surgery: normal versus compromised preoperative left ventricular function.

Department of Emergency and Transplantation, University of Bari, U.O. Anestesia e Rianimazione I, U.O. Cardiochirurgia, A.O. Policlinico, Giuseppe Fiore, via A. De Ferraris 16, I-70124 Bari, Italy.
European Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery (Impact Factor: 2.67). 03/2005; 27(3):488-93. DOI: 10.1016/j.ejcts.2004.11.018
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Off-pump coronary surgery (OPCABG), avoiding cardiopulmonary bypass and cardioplegic arrest, seems to be a better choice in patients with poor baseline cardiac function. Since cardiocirculatory collapse could be induced by heart displacement in this group of patients at high risk, a greater pathophysiologic understanding of the hemodynamic derangements occurring in such patients is needed.
Twenty-eight elective OPCABG patients were evaluated for hemodynamic changes induced by heart displacement, using arterial thermodilution to measure cardiac output and global end-diastolic volume. Hemodynamic parameters were recorded: at baseline; during proper exposure and stabilization of each vessel; and at the end of surgery. Patients were divided into two groups, according to baseline ejection fraction (EF): group A (EF>30%; N=16), group B (EF< or =30%; N=12).
Heart displacement induced a significant drop in the cardiac and stroke index, with a lesser decrease of mean arterial pressure because of raised systemic vascular resistance. Preload, measured as global end diastolic volume, significantly decreased in group A, while it remained unchanged or increased in group B. Linear regression between the preload index and left ventricular stroke work was significant only in group A.
Patients with poor baseline cardiac function can well tolerate OPCABG. However, the pathophysiologic modifications underlying the hemodynamic changes are different compared to those in patients with good preoperative cardiac performance.

0 Bookmarks
 · 
62 Views
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Coronary artery disease is one of the leading causes of illness for both men and women. However, women are 3 times more likely to die for coronary artery disease as they are of breast cancer. There are an increasing prevalence of coronary artery disease in women and thus facing the need for surgical revascularization. It has long being accepted that women carry a high risk of coronary surgery than men. Many investigators have suggested that female itself is predictive of poor outcome after on pump coronary surgery. We thought to search the litlature to investigate whether women who undergo off-pump surgery receive any benefits compared with women undergoing on-pump surgery.
    Journal of the Saudi Heart Association. 10/2009; 21(4):199-207.
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Haemodynamic instability during off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery (OPCAB) may appear rapidly, and continuous monitoring of the cardiac index (CI) during the procedure is advisable. With the PiCCO monitor, CI can be measured continuously and almost real time with pulse-contour analysis and intermittently with transthoracic thermodilution. The agreement between pulmonal artery thermodilution CI (Tpa), transthoracic thermodilution CI (Tpc) and pulse-contour CI (PCCI) during OPCAB surgery has not been evaluated sufficiently. In 30 patients scheduled for OPCAB surgery, a pulmonary artery catheter and a PiCCO catheter were inserted. At different time points during surgery, Tpa, Tpc and PCCI were compared. Measurements were performed after induction of anesthesia (T1), after pericardiothomy (T2), after grafting on the anterior (T3), posterior (T4) and lateral (T5) walls and after chest closure (T6). The PCCI was recalibrated at time point T2-T6. Mean difference and the limits of agreements (percentage error) between Tpa and Tpc were: -0.14 +/- 0.60 (22.0%) l/min/m2, between Tpa and PCCI: -0.07 +/- 0.92 (33.5%) l/min/m2 and between Tpc and PCCI: 0.10 +/- 1.00 (35.5%) l/min/m2. For changes in CI from one time point to the next (DeltaCI), the limits of agreements between DeltaCI Tpa and DeltaCI Tpc were 0.04 +/- 0.90 l/min/m2, between DeltaCI Tpa and DeltaCI PCCI: -0.02 +/- 1.22 l/min/m2 and between DeltaCI Tpc and DeltaCI PCCI: -0.08 +/- 1.32 l/min/m2. In OPCAB surgery, limits of agreement comparing thermodilution methods were smaller than comparing PCCI with thermodilution. Recalibration of PCCI is therefore advisable.
    Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica 11/2006; 50(9):1050-7. · 2.36 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Many new surgical technologies are being developed, with the overall aim of improving outcomes. One common feature of many new technologies is that they offer a safer approach than previous techniques; one of the greatest forces for change over the last 30 years is risk reduction. Cardiac surgery risk has been effectively undercut by percutaneous-based procedures, which have offered dramatic reductions in risk--at least in the short term. Beating heart techniques, whether minimally invasive direct coronary artery bypass (MIDCAB), off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery (OPCAB), or in other forms, such as percutaneous valve replacement, are likely to dramatically increase over the next decade. What role OPCAB and MIDCAB techniques will play in this new era is anyone's guess.
    Anesthesiology Clinics 10/2008; 26(3):437-52.

Full-text

View
0 Downloads