Neck masses secondary to heterotopic salivary gland tissue: a 25-year experience
ABSTRACT The aim of this study is to review salivary tumors arising from heterotopic salivary inclusions in the periparotid and cervical lymph nodal tissues over a 25-year span.
A retrospective chart review revealed 24 patients with asymptomatic neck masses treated between 1976 and 2001, whose pathology demonstrated heterotopic salivary tissue or neoplasms arising from heterotopic salivary tissue.
Nine cases were benign periparotid lymph nodes with heterotopic salivary inclusions, 3 of which had multimodal involvement. Fifteen cases of heterotopic salivary tumors were identified. The benign tumors were predominantly Warthin's tumor (8) with 1 pleomorphic adenoma. Malignant tumors included mucoepidermoid (3), acinic cell (2), and adenocarcinoma (1). Patients were treated by a superficial parotidectomy, neck dissection, or simple excision depending on site and preoperative workup. Adjuvant radiation therapy was included for high-grade malignancies. Among the 15 tumor patients, follow-up ranged from 1 month to 17 years. Nine patients are alive and disease-free, 5 are deceased, and 1 was lost to follow-up.
Heterotopic salivary tissue in periparotid and upper cervical nodes is a more common occurrence than historically recognized. Tumorigenic changes arise from heterotopic nodal inclusions, and although infrequent, should be considered in the differential diagnosis for isolated neck/periparotid masses and parotid Warthin's tumor. Suggested management, after a thorough clinical exam/needle aspiration biopsy, includes an imaging survey of the parotid gland and neck lymphatics with an appropriate resection to include a simple excision, parotidectomy, neck dissection, and/or irradiation as indicated. Isolated low-grade malignant lesions/benign lesions are adequately managed by excision or parotidectomy alone. High-grade malignant lesions require more extended surgery with possible irradiation.
- Advances in Anatomic Pathology 08/2006; 13(4):147-56. DOI:10.1097/00125480-200607000-00001 · 3.10 Impact Factor
- Laryngo-Rhino-Otologie 01/2007; 86(1):44-47. DOI:10.1055/s-2006-925095 · 0.99 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Warthin's tumor (WT), so-called adenolymphoma, is a benign salivary gland tumor with both epithelial and lymphoid histological characteristics, so the histogenesis remains unclear. Treatment consists primarily of tumor removal or conservative follow up. Here we present a rare case of malignant lymphoma arising from heterotopic (ectopic) WT. A 102-year-old man presented with a mass in the left side of the neck which was painless but gradually enlarged over 1 month. The mass was 2-3 cm in diameter, and freely moveable below the angle of the mandible. The mass was totally removed. The histological diagnosis was malignant lymphoma, diffuse large B-cell type, arising from heterotopic WT. Postoperative staging examination including chest radiography, bone scan, and computed tomography of the abdomen and pelvis revealed no evidence of dissemination of malignant lymphoma. Malignant transformation within WT is rarer in the lymphoid component than in the epithelial component. Only 16 cases of malignant transformation arising from WT have been reported, including only three cases of non-Hodgkin lymphoma apparently arising from heterotopic WT. Tumor removal or careful follow up is recommended in patients with WT because of the potential risk posed by such malignant transformation.The Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine 07/2007; 212(2):199-205. DOI:10.1620/tjem.212.199 · 1.28 Impact Factor