Article

The Molecular Architecture of the Mammalian DNA Repair Enzyme, Polynucleotide Kinase

Department of Biochemistry, 4-74 Medical Sciences Building, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 2H7, Canada.
Molecular Cell (Impact Factor: 14.46). 04/2005; 17(5):657-70. DOI: 10.1016/j.molcel.2005.02.012
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Mammalian polynucleotide kinase (PNK) is a key component of both the base excision repair (BER) and nonhomologous end-joining (NHEJ) DNA repair pathways. PNK acts as a 5'-kinase/3'-phosphatase to create 5'-phosphate/3'-hydroxyl termini, which are a necessary prerequisite for ligation during repair. PNK is recruited to repair complexes through interactions between its N-terminal FHA domain and phosphorylated components of either pathway. Here, we describe the crystal structure of intact mammalian PNK and a structure of the PNK FHA bound to a cognate phosphopeptide. The kinase domain has a broad substrate binding pocket, which preferentially recognizes double-stranded substrates with recessed 5' termini. In contrast, the phosphatase domain efficiently dephosphorylates single-stranded 3'-phospho termini as well as double-stranded substrates. The FHA domain is linked to the kinase/phosphatase catalytic domain by a flexible tether, and it exhibits a mode of target selection based on electrostatic complementarity between the binding surface and the phosphothreonine peptide.

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