Health Behaviour in School-Aged Children Bullying Working Group. Bullying and symptoms among school-aged children: international comparative cross sectional study in 28 countries

Department of Social Medicine, Institute of Public Health, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.
The European Journal of Public Health (Impact Factor: 2.59). 05/2005; 15(2):128-32. DOI: 10.1093/eurpub/cki105
Source: PubMed


There have been no large-scale international comparisons on bullying and health among adolescents. This study examined the association between bullying and physical and psychological symptoms among adolescents in 28 countries.
This international cross-sectional survey included 123,227 students 11, 13 and 15 years of age from a nationally representative sample of schools in 28 countries in Europe and North America in 1997-98. The main outcome measures were physical and psychological symptoms.
The proportion of students being bullied varied enormously across countries. The lowest prevalence was observed among girls in Sweden (6.3%, 95% CI: 5.2-7.4), the highest among boys in Lithuania (41.4%, 95% CI 39.4-43.5). The risk of high symptom load increased with increasing exposure to bullying in all countries. In pooled analyses, with sex stratified multilevel logistic models adjusted for age, family affluence and country the odds ratios for symptoms among students who were bullied weekly ranged from 1.83 (95% CI 1.70-1.97) to 2.11 (95% CI 1.95-2.29) for physical symptoms (headache, stomach ache, backache, dizziness) and from 1.67 (95% CI 1.55-1.78) to 7.47 (95% CI 6.87-8.13) for psychological symptoms (bad temper, feeling nervous, feeling low, difficulties in getting to sleep, morning tiredness, feeling left out, loneliness, helplessness).
There was a consistent, strong and graded association between bullying and each of 12 physical and psychological symptoms among adolescents in all 28 countries.

Download full-text


Available from: Bjørn E Holstein,
  • Source
    • "The number of international studies was also much higher in this period, with 15.7% of papers written by authors from more than one country. A clear example of this international collaboration is a study in which bullying and symptoms are compared among 28 countries authored by researchers from 4 different countries (Due et al., 2005). Articles were published in 32 different journals, with the highest percentages in Aggressive "

  • Source
    • "It is therefore important to ponder the need to perceive this phenomenon as a relevant academic issue, with educational consequences, rather than only at an individual, clinical, or psychosocial level. Although most studies have investigated its individual psychosocial effects (Due et al., 2005), some studies have shown its impact on school performance (see Glew, Fan, Katon, Rivara, & Kernic, 2005) and school climate (see Kosciw et al., 2010). Indeed, students who attend schools with more positive school climates tend to have better school attendance, develop better study habits, become more motivated and committed "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to explore homophobic bullying in Portugal, including its forms, prevalence, and consequences, and to verify whether parental and social support moderated the effects of homophobic bullying for victims. An online questionnaire was completed by 211 female and male students, aged 12 to 20 years. Results showed that psychological violence prevailed, male students were more often victims than female students were, and lesbian, gay, and bisexual adolescents were victims more often than their heterosexual peers were. The emotional impact on victims was higher when social support was low, including suicidal ideation and school difficulties. Furthermore, a main effect of parental support was found for emotional and behavioral distress indices experienced by adolescents.
    Psychology in the Schools 09/2015; 52(8). DOI:10.1002/pits.21856 · 0.72 Impact Factor
  • Source
    • "In particular, Swedish children report significantly less bullying than children from North America and other European countries. This may be due to a national law in Sweden protecting schoolchildren from violence (Due et al. 2005). Despite bullying rates differing from country to country, some international similarities exist in bullying outcomes. "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Bullying has become a prominent topic within education due to recent media headlines in the United States and abroad. The impact of these occurrences ripples beyond the bully and victim to include administrators, parents, and fellow students. While previous research has concluded bullying behaviors decrease as a child progresses in school, more recent studies found bullying can continue into college. The current project investigated differences between perceptions of bullying in high school and college along with how college students’ experiences with bullying impacted several constructs related to academic success (i.e., basic psychological needs, academic motivation, perceived social support, and perceived stress). Participants (N = 130, 68 male) completed a Perceptions of Bullying Questionnaire, Basic Psychological Needs Scale (BPNS), Academic Motivation Scale, Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support, Perceived Stress Scale, and a demographic data form. The results indicate participants who described themselves as either current or past bullying victims had significantly lower academic motivation than respondents who did not. In addition, current victims of bullying scored significantly lower on two of the three constructs in the BPNS: autonomy and competence. These findings suggest students are susceptible to bullying after high school, and the effects can negatively impact college life, academic motivation, and educational outcomes. In addition, past victimization can cause academic difficulties for college students, even after the harassment has ceased.
    Social Psychology of Education 03/2015; 18(1):185-200. DOI:10.1007/s11218-014-9287-1 · 0.94 Impact Factor
Show more