We have previously reported the feasibility and safety of the peroral transgastric endoscopic approach for diagnostic peritoneoscopy, liver biopsy, and gastrojejunostomy with long-term survival in a porcine model. This approach eliminates incisions of the abdominal wall, providing a less invasive alternative to diagnostic and therapeutic laparoscopy. We now report successful performance of peroral endoscopic transgastric ligation of Fallopian tubes with long-term survival in a porcine model.
Six female 50-kg pigs had general anesthesia and irrigation of the stomach with an antibiotic solution. Gastric puncture was performed with needleknife electrocautery followed by balloon dilatation of the tract with 20-mm TTS dilating balloon (Microvasive). A standard upper endoscope that underwent high-level disinfection and gas sterilzation was advanced into the peritoneal cavity through a sterile overtube. Both Fallopian tubes were identified and one was ligated using Olympus Endoloops. The other patent tube served as a control. Tubal patency was evaluated by hysterosalpingogram before and after ligation. After a follow-up period of 2-3 weeks, the pigs were sacrificed for postmortem examination.
The Fallopian tubes were easily accessed, identified and ligated in all 6 pigs. In each pig, fluoroscopy confirmed complete obstruction of the ligated tube with preserved patency of the other tube. All pigs survived well and ate heartily without any ill-effects. Postmortem examination did not reveal any peritonitis or intra-abdominal adhesions. The Endoloops were in place with complete obstruction of the ligated tubes and patency of the controls. Histopathologic examination of the tubes showed chronic inflammatory infiltrates without abscesses.
The peroral endoscopic transgastric approach to ligation of the Fallopian tubes with long-term survival is technically feasible and safe in a porcine model. The endoscopic transgastric approach to the peritoneal cavity has potential for a wide array of diagnostic and therapeutic procedures.
"Several studies have confirmed the technical feasibility of transgastric diagnostic and therapeutic procedures such as liver biopsy, gastrojejunostomy , tubal ligation  and cholecystectomy . Some of these studies were performed on porcine models. "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Although natural orifice specimen extraction is now relatively widely performed, there have been no reports on gastric resection with specimen extraction through the transgastric route for peptic ulcer disease. A hybrid technique of the laparoscopic and endoscopic approach is presented in the case of a 58-year old male patient. Preoperative gastric fibroscopy showed postulcer pyloric and antral stenosis. Laparoscopic exploration confirmed gastric enlargement. Laparoscopic two-thirds gastrectomy was performed. The staple line suture of the residual stomach was excised and the specimen was extracted through the esophagus and mouth with a gastroscope. Finally, the residual stomach was closed again using linear endostaplers. Reconstruction was performed according to the Roux-en-Y method. Gastric resection using natural orifice specimen extraction (NOSE) may be a feasible operative procedure. The NOSE with the combination of standard laparoscopy and specimen extraction through a natural orifice can be considered as a bridge to natural orifice translumenal endoscopic surgery.
Videosurgery and Other Miniinvasive Techniques / Wideochirurgia i Inne Techniki Malo Inwazyjne 06/2014; 9(2):282-5. DOI:10.5114/wiitm.2014.41622 · 1.09 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (NOTES) is a modern technique of performing surgical procedures developed worldwide. In the last few years, series of NOTES operations were performed in animals and humans. This article describes some surgical procedures performed in animals with use of this new technique.
"The feasibility of endoluminal therapies has also been demonstrated for the transgastric approach to the peritoneal cavity for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes. In ,  for instance, the authors report several experiments such as liver biopsies, manipulation of intraabdominal organs, ligation of fallopian tubes, and transgastric cholecystectomy that have been performed in pigs. "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This paper introduces some issues related to the development of robotics for endoluminal surgery from control point of view. Endoluminal surgery are incisionless procedures performed through natural orifices within the natural pathways. New devices are then required to achieve these new surgical procedures. Besides the development of new devices, control issues arise in both technological and theoretical aspects. The paper presents some of them and we propose a teleoperation architecture that has already been tested for needle insertion that could be used for teleoperated endoluminal surgery especially for instance for biopsies or anastomoses.
Conference proceedings: ... Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. Conference 09/2009; 2009:6850-5. DOI:10.1109/IEMBS.2009.5333117
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