Intracranial angioplasty without stenting for symptomatic atherosclerotic stenosis: long-term follow-up.
ABSTRACT Angioplasty and stent placement have been reported for the treatment of intracranial stenosis. This study was undertaken to assess the efficacy and long-term clinical outcome of angioplasty without stent placement for patients with symptomatic intracranial stenosis.
A retrospective study was done to evaluate 36 patients with 37 symptomatic atherosclerotic intracranial stenosis who underwent primary balloon angioplasty. All patients had symptoms despite medical therapy. Thirty-four patients were available for follow-up ranging from 6 to 128 months. Mean follow-up was 52.9 months.
Mean pretreatment stenosis was 84.2% before angioplasty and 43.3% after angioplasty. The periprocedural death and stroke rate was 8.3% (two deaths and one minor stroke). Two patients had strokes in the territory of angioplasty at 2 and 37 months after angioplasty. The annual stroke rate in the territory appropriate to the site of angioplasty was 3.36%, and for those patients with a residual stenosis of > or =50% it was 4.5%. Patients with iatrogenic dissection (n=11) did not have transient ischemic attacks or strokes after treatment.
Results of long-term follow-up suggest that intracranial angioplasty without stent placement reduces the risk of further stroke in symptomatic patients.
Article: Intracranial angioplasty with Gateway-Wingspan system for symptomatic atherosclerotic stenosis: preliminary results of 27 Chinese patients.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: We investigated the safety of treatment of symptomatic intracranial atherosclerotic stenoses with the Gateway-Wingspan system and its initial effect on prevention of ischemic events. Twenty-seven cases of symptomatic intracranial atherosclerotic stenoses were treated with angioplasty with a Wingspan stent. Location of stenoses, extent of stenoses before and after angioplasty, success rate of treatment, occurrence of procedural complications, and changes in recurrence of symptoms of ischemic events 30 days after treatment were recorded. Twenty-nine angioplasties with the Wingspan system were successfully carried out in 29 stenoses in 27 patients. Of 29 stenoses, 17 were in the posterior circulation, and 12, in the anterior circulation. The degree of stenoses was reduced from baseline 71.8% (56%-87.8%) to 24.9% (0%-45%) after stenting. Complications were seen in four patients (14.8%), 3 of which were lesion-related infarction of a perforated artery, and 1 was a non-lesion-related infarction. Two complications led to transient neurologic dysfunction, one led to defect of the visual field, and one led to hemiplegia. The prevalence of morbidity and serious morbidity were 7.4% and 3.7%, respectively, and no death occurred. No new ischemic events happened during 30 days after stenting. Angioplasty with the Wingspan system to treat symptomatic intracranial atherosclerotic stenoses appears to be safe. Its initial effect on prevention of ischemic events is acceptable.Surgical Neurology 12/2009; 72(6):607-11; discussion 611. · 1.67 Impact Factor