Watts-level, short all-fiber laser at 1.5 mu m with a large core and diffraction-limited output via intracavity spatial-mode filtering
ABSTRACT We report over 2 W of single spatial-mode output power at 1.5 microm from an 8-cm-long, large-core phosphate fiber laser. The fiber has a numerical aperture of approximately equal to 0.17 and a 25-microm-wide core, heavily doped with 1% Er(+3) and 8% Yb(+3). The laser utilizes a scalable evanescent-field-based pumping scheme and can be pumped by as many as eight individual multimode pigtailed diode laser sources at a wavelength of 975 nm. Nearly diffraction-limited laser output with a beam quality factor M2 approximately equal to 1.1 is achieved by use of a simple intracavity all-fiber spatial-mode filter. Both spectrally broadband and narrowband operation of the laser are demonstrated.
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ABSTRACT: Compact high power fiber lasers and the vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting lasers (VECSELs) are promising candidates for high power laser sources with diffraction-limited beam quality and are currently the subject of intensive research and development. Here three large mode area fiber lasers, namely, the photonic crystal fiber (PCF) laser, the multicore fiber (MCF) laser, and the multimode interference (MMI) fiber laser, as well as the VECSEL are modeled and designed. For the PCF laser, the effective refractive index and the effective core radius of the PCF are investigated using vectorial approaches and reformulated. Then, the classical step-index fiber theory is extended to PCFs, resulting in a highly efficient vectorial effective-index method for the design and analysis of PCFs. The new approach is employed to analyze the modal properties of the PCF lasers with depressed-index cores and to effectively estimate the number of guided modes for PCFs. The MCF laser, consisting of an active MCF and a passive coreless fiber, is modeled using the vectorial mode expansion method developed in this work. The results illustrate that the mode selection in the MCF laser by the coreless fiber section is determined by the MMI effect, not the Talbot effect. Based on the MMI and self-imaging in multimode fibers, the vectorial mode expansion approach is employed to design the first MMI fiber laser demonstrated experimentally. For the design and modeling of VECSELs, the optical, thermal, and structural properties of common material systems are investigated and the most reliable material models are summarized. The nanoscale heat transport theory is applied for the first time, to the best of my knowledge, to design and model VECSELs. In addition, the most accurate strain compensation approach is selected for VECSELs incorporating strained quantum wells to maintain structural stability. The design principles for the VECSEL subcavity are elaborated and applied to design a 1040nm VECSEL subcavity that has been demonstrated for high power operation of VECSELs where near diffraction-limited output over 20 W is obtained. Physical modeling of the VECSEL is also discussed and used to compare VECSEL subcavity designs on the laser level.
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ABSTRACT: This letter is devoted to fabrication and tests of an optical fiber with a phosphate glass core in a silica cladding. The fiber preform was made by melting Yb, Er co-doped phosphate laser glass in a high-purity silica tube. 1.54 μm laser action was demonstrated under 1.06 μm pumping into the Yb absorption band.Laser Physics Letters 04/2013; 10(5):055109. DOI:10.1088/1612-2011/10/5/055109 · 2.96 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: We designed and tested an all-fiber, high efficiency Yb-doped laser operating at 1088 nm with a single-mode-multimode-single-mode (SMS) structure. A larger-mode-area gain fiber of 1.5 m length, with 20/130 μm core/cladding diameters was used to increase the absorption, and a diffraction-limited Gaussian output beam was obtained from the single-mode output fiber. Using a 976 nm laser diode as the pump source, the laser generated an output power up to 38.5 W with a slope efficiency of 70%. The output beam qualities, with and without SMS structure, were compared and showed that the fiber laser with the SMS structure can achieve high gain, short fiber length, and excellent beam quality.Applied Optics 08/2014; 53(24). DOI:10.1364/AO.53.005554 · 1.69 Impact Factor