Parallel liquid-phase synthesis of N-substituted 6-aminosulfonyl-2-oxo-1,2-dihydroquinoline-4-carboxamide and 6-aminosulfonylquinoline-4-carboxamide derivatives.
ABSTRACT Two efficient strategies for solution-phase parallel synthesis of libraries of quinoline derivatives are described. The first synthetic pathway features the Pfitzinger reaction of isatin with diethyl malonate and sulfochlorination of the resulting 2-oxo-1,2-dihydroquinoline-4-carboxylate followed by generation of sulfonamide library. The second strategy employs the unusual behavior of 5-sulfamoylisatins in Pfitzinger reactions, which results in formation of 6-sulfamoyl-4-carboxyquinolines instead of the anticipated 2-oxo-1,2-dihydroquinoline structures. The obtained carboxylates appeared to be convenient synthetic intermediates for the generation of the corresponding carboxamide libraries. Using these reagents, the parallel solution-phase synthesis of more than 500 substituted quinoline and 2-oxo-1,2-dihydroquinoline derivatives has been accomplished on the 50-100-mg scale. Simple manual techniques for parallel reactions using special CombiSyn synthesizers were coupled with easy purification procedures to give high-purity final products. The scope and limitations of the developed approaches are discussed.