Youth and tobacco.

Center for Child Health Research, University of Rochester, Rochester, NY 14620, USA.
Minerva pediatrica (Impact Factor: 0.43). 01/2005; 56(6):553-65.
Source: PubMed


Youth around the world take up smoking and use tobacco products at high rates. Young people may not grasp the long-term consequences of tobacco use, although tobacco consumption and exposure has been shown to have significant negative health effects. Youth use a variety of tobacco products that are smoked, chewed, or sniffed, including machine-manufactured cigarettes, cigars, bidis, kreteks, sticks, and snuff. Prevention efforts have focused on countering those aspects that are believed to contribute to smoking uptake, such as tobacco industry advertising and promotion, and access to tobacco. There are many aspects of tobacco promotion through the media that have been more difficult to control, however, such as product placement within popular cinema movies. Once a youth has taken up tobacco, he or she is more likely than an adult to become addicted and should be offered treatment for tobacco cessation. Although there is not yet sufficient evidence to prove efficacy, the same treatments are suggested for youth as are recommended for adults, including nicotine replacement products. Given the severity of the tobacco epidemic worldwide and the devastating health effects on an individual and population basis, there are currently many efforts to curtail the tobacco problem, including the World Health Organization (WHO) sponsored Framework Convention on Tobacco Control. It is through comprehensive and collaborative efforts such as this that the global hazard of tobacco is most likely to be overcome.

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    • "Adolescence is a period of marked hormonal change that is associated with an apparent vulnerability to smoking initiation. Additionally, adolescents, particularly female adolescents, seem to progress more rapidly to nicotine dependence after initial use than adults (SAMHSA 2007) and show higher rates of dependence, even though adolescents report smoking fewer cigarettes than do adults (Tanski et al. 2004; Storr 2008). Despite these findings, and the fact that smoking generally begins during adolescence, most animal studies have focused on adult males (but see McQuown et al. 2007; Shram et al. 2008a; b; Levin et al. 2007; Adriani et al. 2003). "
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