Cytokeratins 7 and 20 and mucin core protein expression in esophageal cervical inlet patch.
ABSTRACT Cervical inlet patch (CIP) is defined by the presence of gastric mucosa within the first few centimeters of the esophagus. Several endoscopic series have demonstrated a frequent association of CIP with Barrett's esophagus (BE) suggesting a pathogenetic link. A histochemical study reporting the presence of acid mucin in CIP, including sulfomucin, supports this hypothesis. We evaluated mucin core protein expression and cytokeratins 7 and 20 (CK7/CK20) pattern in biopsies of CIP, normal antrum, and BE to comment on a possible relationship of CIP with BE. We observed that both lesions have similar cytokeratin patterns with mixed CK7/CK20 reactivity on the surface and pits and lone CK7 positivity in the glands. MUC5AC was strongly expressed on the surface and pits but not in the glands of CIP and antral mucosa. Within BE, MUC5AC positivity was noted not only on the surface and pits but also in the glands. MUC6 similarly decorated the glands of CIP and BE. MUC2 was expressed rarely in CIP with goblet cells but conspicuously on the surface and pits of BE. MUC5B was seen in both CIP and BE and rarely in the antral mucosa. The similarities between CIP and BE but not with normal antral mucosa fits with the hypothesis that both lesions may originate from submucosal esophageal mucous glands. Two pathogenetic pathways can be entertained: focal upper esophageal mucosal misdevelopment in pediatric population and patchy metaplastic replacement of squamous mucosa in adults with gastroesophageal reflux disease.
- SourceAvailable from: Vui Heng Chong
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ABSTRACT: Heterotopic gastric mucosa of the proximal esophagus (HGMPE), also referred to as "inlet patch" or "cervical inlet patch", is a salmon colored patch that is usually located just distal to the upper esophageal sphincter. HGMPE is uncommon with endoscopic studies reporting a prevalence ranging from less than one percent to 18%. Most HGMPE are asymptomatic and are detected incidentally during endoscopy for evaluations of other gastrointestinal complaints. Most consider HGMPE as clinically irrelevant entity. The clinical significance of HGMPE is mainly acid related or neoplastic transformation. The reported prevalence of laryngopharyngeal reflux symptoms varies from less than 20% to as high as 73.1%. However, most of these symptoms are mild. Clinically significant acid related complications such as bleeding, ulcerations, structure and fistulization have been reported. Although rare, dysplastic changes and malignancies in association with HGMPE have also been reported. Associations with Barrett's esophagus have also been reported but the findings so far have been conflicting. There are still many areas that are unknown or not well understood and these include the natural history of HGMPE, risk factors for complications, role of Helicobacter pylori infection and factors associated with malignant transformations. Follow-up may need to be considered for patients with complications of HGMPE and surveillance if biopsies show intestinal metaplasia or dysplastic changes. Despite the overall low incidence of clinically relevant manifestations reported in the literature, HGMPE is a clinically significant entity but further researches are required to better understand its clinical significance.World Journal of Gastroenterology 01/2013; 19(3):331-338. · 2.43 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Heterotopic gastric mucosa is found in the proximal oesophagus, just below the upper oesophageal sphincter, and is encountered when the oesophagus is examined carefully during endoscopy.European journal of gastroenterology & hepatology. 08/2014;