COX-2 inhibitor, NS398, enhances Fas-mediated apoptosis via modulation of the PTEN-Akt pathway in human gastric carcinoma cell lines.

Division of Organ Pathology, Department of Microbiology and Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, Tottori University, Yonago, Tottori, Japan.
DNA and Cell Biology (Impact Factor: 1.99). 04/2005; 24(3):141-7. DOI: 10.1089/dna.2005.24.141
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT A variety of human cancer cells are resistant to Fas ligand and anti-Fas antibody induced apoptosis. Previously, we reported that human gastric carcinoma cell lines were resistant to the anti-Fas antibody, CH-11, without interferon-gamma pretreatment in vitro. Cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 is known to be expressed in many human malignancies, and is correlated with tumor progression and resistance to apoptosis. This study examined whether NS398, a COX-2 inhibitor, inhibited cell proliferation and increased Fas-mediated apoptosis in human gastric carcinoma cell lines. Treatment of NS398 inhibited cell proliferation in MKN-45, which expressed the highest level of COX-2 among seven human gastric carcinoma cell lines, in a dose- and time-dependent manner, in contrast to less prominent effects in KATO-III, which expresses no COX-2. Although the treatment of CH-11 induced apoptosis in both cells, the simultaneous treatment of NS398 and CH-11 remarkably induced apoptosis, as confirmed by Hoechst 33258 staining and the terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase- mediated dUTP-digoxigenin nick-end labeling (TUNEL) method in MKN-45. Flow cytometric analysis also revealed the increased pre-G1 fraction by the simultaneous treatment. The treatment of NS398 induced upregulation of Bad and PTEN, and downregulation of phosphorylated Akt (Thr308). These findings suggest that COX-2 might inhibit Fas-mediated apoptosis in human gastric carcinoma cell lines, especially MKN-45, by modulating PTEN and Akt.

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