The attitudes of Israeli medical students toward residency in psychiatry
ABSTRACT The authors analyze attitudes toward psychiatry residency of Israeli medical students in preclinical years, compared with similar U.S. data.
A 23-item questionnaire was administered anonymously to 181 Israeli medical students in their preclinical years and was completed by 70% of the students present.
Psychiatry was ranked most attractive as far as intellectual challenge was considered and least attractive when the degree to which it draws upon all aspects of medical training was considered. Our study shows that 32.8% of the Israeli medical students in the preclinical years consider residency in psychiatry, compared to 7.7% in the U.S. and 15.9% in Australia, using the same questionnaire and methodology.
The population of students interested in family medicine and neurology, as well as those interested in the humanities, should be the source of psychiatry residents, and their faith in the psychiatric paradigm should be strengthened.
SourceAvailable from: Tiina Liinamaa
Dataset: Images @ BMC Stuart et al
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ABSTRACT: Objective: This study surveyed medical teaching faculty to determine their attitudes toward psychiatry and psychiatrists. Method: We conducted a multisite survey of a probability sample of 1057 teaching medical faculty members from 15 academic teaching centers in the United Kingdom, Europe, and Asia stratified by early, middle, and late career stage. The average response rate across countries was 65%. Results: The outstanding findings were that 90% of respondents considered that psychiatrists were not good role models for medical students, 84% thought psychiatric patients were unsuitable to be treated outside of specialized facilities, and 73% thought psychiatric patients were emotionally draining. We noted statistically significant differences by country, gender, career stage, and specialty. Conclusion: These results highlight why recruitment into psychiatry is problematic in many countries and suggest that greater attention should be given to improving the perception of psychiatrists as good role models and the efficacy of psychiatric treatments.Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica 12/2014; 131(1):21-28. · 5.55 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Background: This analysis is based on a survey questionnaire designed to describe medical educators' views of psychiatry and psychiatrists. Our goals in this paper were to assess the psychometric properties of the survey questions by (a) using exploratory factor analysis to identify the basic factor structure underlying 37 survey items; (b) testing the resulting factor structure using confirmatory factor analysis; and (c) assessing the internal reliability of each identified factor. To our knowledge, this is the first attempt to use these techniques to psychometrically assess a scale measuring the strength of stigma that medical educators attached to psychiatry. Methods: Survey data were collected from a random sample of 1,059 teaching faculty in 23 academic teaching sites in 15 countries. We conducted exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis to identify the scale structure and Cronbach's alpha to assess internal consistency of the resulting scales. Results: Results showed that a two-factor solution was the best fit for the data. Following exploratory factor analysis, we conducted confirmatory factor analysis on a split half of the sample. Results highlighted several items with low loadings. Excluding factors with low correlations and allowing for several correlated variances resulted in a good fitting model explaining 95% of the variance in the data. Conclusions: We identified two unidimensional scales. The Images Scale contained 11 items measuring stereotypic content concerning psychiatry and psychiatrists. The Efficacy of Psychiatry Scale contained 5 items addressing perceptions of the challenges and effectiveness of psychiatry as a discipline.BMC Psychiatry 12/2014; 14:337. DOI:10.1186/s12888-014-0337-1 · 2.24 Impact Factor