Article

Rationale and design of the MASTERPLAN study: Multifactorial approach and superior treatment efficacy in renal patients with the aid of nurse practitioners.

Department of Nephrology and Hypertension, University Medical Center Utrecht-The Netherlands.
Journal of nephrology (Impact Factor: 2). 01/2005; 18(1):30-4.
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is an established risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD). In addition, patients with renal disease are exposed to a myriad of risk factors that increase their risk even further. The treatment of risk factors in these patients is paramount to reducing cardiovascular risk and for attenuating renal failure progression. It is well known that lifestyle interventions are difficult, and that medical treatment targets are seldom met. A multifactorial approach with the aid of nurse practitioners has shown to be beneficial for achieving treatment goals and reducing events in patients with diabetes mellitus and with heart failure. We propose that this will also hold for the CKD population. TRIAL DESIGN: A multicenter randomized clinical trial will be performed to study whether intensive medical care delivered by a nurse practitioner and a nephrologist will reduce cardiovascular risk compared to care provided by the nephrologist alone. The acronym MASTERPLAN describes the study: Multifactorial approach and superior treatment efficacy in renal patients with the aid of nurse practitioners. Eight hundred patients will be randomized to physician care or nurse practitioner support. For all patients the same set of guidelines and treatment goals will apply. Both groups will receive treatment according to current guidelines and have access to specific cardioprotective medication. Nurse practitioners will intensify therapy by promoting lifestyle intervention, and meticulous implementation of relevant guidelines. Patients will be followed-up for 5 yrs after baseline. Primary endpoints are all-cause mortality, cardiovascular morbidity and cardiovascular mortality.

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    ABSTRACT: Background Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) are at a greatly increased risk of developing cardiovascular disease. Recently developed guidelines address multiple risk factors and life-style interventions. However, in current practice few patients reach their targets. A multifactorial approach with the aid of nurse practitioners was effective in achieving treatment goals and reducing vascular events in patients with diabetes mellitus and in patients with heart failure. We propose that this also holds for the CKD population. Design MASTERPLAN is a multicenter randomized controlled clinical trial designed to evaluate whether a multifactorial approach with the aid of nurse-practicioners reduces cardiovascular risk in patients with CKD. Approximately 800 patients with a creatinine clearance (estimated by Cockcroft-Gault) between 20 to 70 ml/min, will be included. To all patients the same set of guidelines will be applied and specific cardioprotective medication will be prescribed. In the intervention group the nurse practitioner will provide lifestyle advice and actively address treatment goals. Follow-up will be five years. Primary endpoint is the composite of myocardial infarction, stroke and cardiovascular mortality. Secondary endpoints are cardiovascular morbidity, overall mortality, decline of renal function, change in markers of vascular damage and change in quality of life. Enrollment has started in April 2004 and the study is on track with 700 patients included on October 15th, 2005. This article describes the design of the MASTERPLAN study.
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    ABSTRACT: Moderate to severe chronic kidney disease (CKD) is associated with increased cardiovascular risk. Usually nephrologists are primarily responsible for the care of CKD patients. However, in many cases treatment goals, as formulated in guidelines, are not met. The addition of a nurse practitioner might improve the quality of care. The Multifactorial Approach and Superior Treatment Efficacy in Renal Patients with the Aid of Nurse Practitioners (MASTERPLAN) study is a randomized controlled multicenter trial, aimed at investigating whether a multifactorial approach in patients with moderate to severe CKD (stage 3 and 4) to achieving treatment goals using both a polydrug strategy and lifestyle treatment either with or without the addition of a nurse practitioner will reduce cardiovascular risk and slow the decline of kidney function. Patients (n=793) have been randomized to nurse care or physician care. In the nurse-care arm of the study, nurse practitioners use flowcharts to address risk factors requiring drug and/or lifestyle modification. They have been trained to coach patients by motivational interviewing with the aim of improving patient self-management. At baseline, both treatment groups show equal distributions with regard to key variables in the study. Moreover, in only 1 patient were all risk factors within the limits as defined in various guidelines, which underscores the relevance of our initiative.
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