Targeted Proteomic Analysis of 14-3-3ς, a p53 Effector Commonly Silenced in Cancer
ABSTRACT To comprehensively identify proteins interacting with 14-3-3 sigma in vivo, tandem affinity purification and the multidimensional protein identification technology were combined to characterize 117 proteins associated with 14-3-3 sigma in human cells. The majority of identified proteins contained one or several phosphorylatable 14-3-3-binding sites indicating a potential direct interaction with 14-3-3 sigma. 25 proteins were not previously assigned to any function and were named SIP2-26 (for 14-3-3 sigma-interacting protein). Among the 92 interactors with known function were a number of proteins previously implicated in oncogenic signaling (APC, A-RAF, B-RAF, and c-RAF) and cell cycle regulation (AJUBA, c-TAK, PTOV-1, and WEE1). The largest functional classes comprised proteins involved in the regulation of cytoskeletal dynamics, polarity, adhesion, mitogenic signaling, and motility. Accordingly ectopic 14-3-3 sigma expression prevented cellular migration in a wounding assay and enhanced mitogen-activated protein kinase signaling. The functional diversity of the identified proteins indicates that induction of 14-3-3 sigma could allow p53 to affect numerous processes in addition to the previously characterized inhibitory effect on G2/M progression. The data suggest that the cancer-specific loss of 14-3-3 sigma expression by epigenetic silencing or p53 mutations contributes to cancer formation by multiple routes.
Full-textDOI: · Available from: Heiko Hermeking, Jul 04, 2015
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ABSTRACT: 14-3-3 proteins are ubiquitous molecular chaperones with important roles in brain development and neuronal function. Altered expression of 14-3-3 proteins has been reported in several neurologic and neurodegenerative disorders and identifying 14-3-3 binding proteins may provide important insights into the physiologic and pathophysiologic roles of these proteins. Particular interest has emerged on 14-3-3 zeta (ζ) in the setting of neuronal injury because reducing 14-3-3ζ levels triggers an endoplasmic reticulum stress-like response in neurons and increases vulnerability to excitotoxicity. Here we examined the subcellular distribution of 14-3-3ζ in the mouse hippocampus. We then used recombinant His-tagged 14-3-3ζ to pull-down interacting proteins from the mouse hippocampus followed by identification by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry. 14-3-3ζ protein was present in the cytoplasm, microsomal compartment, nucleus and mitochondrial fractions of the mouse hippocampus. Recombinant 14-3-3ζ eluted 13 known 14-3-3 binding partners, including three other 14-3-3 isoforms, and 16 other proteins which have not previously been reported to bind 14-3-3ζ. The present study identifies potentially novel 14-3-3ζ binding proteins and contributes to defining the 14-3-3ζ interactome in the mouse brain.International Journal of Physiology, Pathophysiology and Pharmacology 01/2012; 4(2):74-83.
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ABSTRACT: Thirty years ago, it was discovered that 14-3-3 proteins could activate enzymes involved in amino acid metabolism. In the following decades, 14-3-3s have been shown to be involved in many different signaling pathways that modulate cellular and whole body energy and nutrient homeostasis. Large scale screening for cellular binding partners of 14-3-3 has identified numerous proteins that participate in regulation of metabolic pathways, although only a minority of these targets have yet been subject to detailed studies. Because of the wide distribution of potential 14-3-3 targets and the resurging interest in metabolic pathway control in diseases like cancer, diabetes, obesity and cardiovascular disease, we review the role of 14-3-3 proteins in the regulation of core and specialized cellular metabolic functions. We cite illustrative examples of 14-3-3 action through their direct modulation of individual enzymes and through regulation of master switches in cellular pathways, such as insulin signaling, mTOR- and AMP dependent kinase signaling pathways, as well as regulation of autophagy. We further illustrate the quantitative impact of 14-3-3 association on signal response at the target protein level and we discuss implications of recent findings showing 14-3-3 protein membrane binding of target proteins.Seminars in Cell and Developmental Biology 08/2011; 22(7):713-9. DOI:10.1016/j.semcdb.2011.08.008 · 5.97 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The ubiquitously expressed 14-3-3 proteins regulate many pathways involved in transformation. Previously, we found that 14-3-3ζ overexpression increased Akt phosphorylation in human mammary epithelial cells. Here, we investigated the clinical relevance and molecular mechanism of 14-3-3ζ-overexpression-mediated Akt phosphorylation, and its potential impact on breast cancer progression. We found that 14-3-3ζ overexpression was significantly (P=0.005) associated with increased Akt phosphorylation in human breast tumors. Additionally, 14-3-3ζ overexpression combined with strong Akt phosphorylation was significantly (P=0.01) associated with increased cancer recurrence in patients. In contrast, knockdown of 14-3-3ζ expression by small interfering RNA in cancer cell lines and tumor xenografts reduced Akt phosphorylation. Furthermore, 14-3-3ζ enhanced Akt phosphorylation through activation of phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K). Mechanistically, 14-3-3ζ bound to the p85 regulatory subunit of PI3K and increased PI3K translocation to the cell membrane. A single 14-3-3-binding motif encompassing serine 83 on p85 is largely responsible for 14-3-3ζ-mediated p85 binding and PI3K/Akt activation. Mutation of serine 83 to alanine on p85 inhibited 14-3-3ζ binding to the p85 subunit of PI3K, reduced PI3K membrane localization and activation, impeded anchorage-independent growth and enhanced stress-induced apoptosis. These findings revealed a novel mechanism by which 14-3-3ζ overexpression activates PI3K, a key node in the mitogenic signaling network known to promote malignancies in many cell types.Oncogene 07/2011; 31(7):897-906. DOI:10.1038/onc.2011.284 · 8.56 Impact Factor