G protein betagamma directly regulates SNARE protein fusion machinery for secretory granule exocytosis.

Department of Biological Sciences, University of Illinois at Chicago, 840 West Taylor Street, Chicago, Illinois 60607, USA.
Nature Neuroscience (Impact Factor: 14.98). 04/2005; 8(4):421-5. DOI: 10.1038/nn1423
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The activation of G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) can result in an inhibition of Ca(2+)-dependent hormone and neurotransmitter secretion. This has been attributed in part to G protein inhibition of Ca(2+) influx. However, a frequently dominant inhibitory effect, of unknown mechanism, also occurs distal to Ca(2+) entry. Here we characterize direct inhibitory actions of G protein betagamma (Gbetagamma) on Ca(2+)-triggered vesicle exocytosis in permeable PC12 cells. Gbetagamma inhibition was rapid (<1 s) and was attenuated by cleavage of synaptosome-associated protein of 25 kD (SNAP25). Gbetagamma bound soluble N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive factor attachment protein receptor (SNARE) complexes, and binding was reduced to SNARE complexes containing cleaved SNAP25 or by Ca(2+)-dependent synaptotagmin binding. Here we show inhibitory coupling between GPCRs and vesicle exocytosis mediated directly by Gbetagamma interactions with the Ca(2+)-dependent fusion machinery.

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