Transient receptor potential vanilloid (TRPV-1) promotes neurogenic inflammation in the pancreas via activation of the neurokinin-1 receptor (NK-1R).
ABSTRACT The transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 (TRPV-1) is an ion channel found on primary sensory afferent neurons. Activation of TRPV-1 leads to the release of the proinflammatory neuropeptide substance P (SP). SP then binds to the neurokinin-1 receptor (NK1-R) on endothelial cells and promotes extravasation of plasma and proteins into the interstitial tissue and neutrophil infiltration, a process called neurogenic inflammation. We tested 2 hypotheses: (1) activation of TRPV-1 in the pancreas leads to interstitial edema and neutrophil infiltration and (2) TRPV-1-induced plasma extravasation is mediated by the release of SP and activation of the NK1-R in the rat.
We measured extravasation of the intravascular tracer Evans blue as an index of plasma extravasation and quantified pancreas tissue myeloperoxidase activity (MPO) as a marker of neutrophil infiltration. The severity of inflammation following intravenous infusion of the secretagogue cerulein (10 microg/kg/h x 4 hours) was assessed using a histologic scoring system.
Intravenous injection of the TRPV-1 agonist capsaicin induced a dose-dependent increase in Evans blue accumulation in the rat pancreas (P < 0.05 vs. vehicle control). This effect was blocked by pretreatment with the TRPV-1 antagonist capsazepine (1.8 mg/kg), or the NK1-R antagonist CP 96,345 (1 mg/kg). Capsazepine also reduced cerulein-induced Evans blue, MPO, and histologic severity of inflammation in the pancreas but had no effect on serum amylase.
Activation of TRPV-1 induces SP-mediated plasma extravasation in the rat pancreas via activation of the NK1-R. TRPV-1 mediates neurogenic inflammation in cerulein-induced pancreatitis in the rat.
Article: Polymorphisms in gene encoding TRPV1-receptor involved in pain perception are unrelated to chronic pancreatitis.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The major clinical feature in chronic pancreatitis is pain, but the genetic basis of pancreatic pain in chronic pancreatitis is poorly understood. The transient receptor potential vanilloid receptor 1 (TRPV1) gene has been associated with pain perception, and genetic variations in TRPV1 may modify the presence and phenotype of chronic pancreatitis. The aim of our study was to investigate the genetic variation of TRPV1 in Dutch patients with chronic pancreatitis and healthy controls. We genotyped 4 SNPs (rs222749, rs222747, rs224534 and rs8065080) in 228 chronic pancreatitis-patients and 207 healthy controls by PCR, followed by restriction-fragment-length-polymorphism analysis and DNA sequencing. We generated 27 diplotypes and compared prevalence between patients and controls. There was no significant difference in allele frequency of the 4 TRPV1 gene SNPs in patients with chronic pancreatitis and healthy controls. Distribution of diplotypes was not statistically significantly different between patients and controls. TRPV1 diplotypes are not associated with chronic pancreatitis.BMC Gastroenterology 01/2009; 9:97. · 2.42 Impact Factor