Intravenous regional anesthesia using lidocaine and magnesium

Trakya University, Adrianoupolis, Edirne, Turkey
Anesthesia & Analgesia (Impact Factor: 3.42). 04/2005; 100(4):1189-92. DOI: 10.1213/01.ANE.0000145062.39112.C5
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT We conducted this study to evaluate the effects of magnesium, when added to lidocaine for IV regional anesthesia (IVRA), on tourniquet pain. Thirty patients undergoing elective hand surgery during IVRA were randomly assigned to two groups. IVRA was achieved with 10 mL of saline plus 3 mg/kg lidocaine 0.5% diluted with saline to a total of 40 mL in group C or with 10 mL of 15% magnesium sulfate (12.4 mmol) plus 3 mg/kg lidocaine 0.5% diluted with saline to a total of 40 mL in group M. Injection pain, sensory and motor block onset and recovery time, tourniquet pain, and anesthesia quality were noted. Patients were instructed to receive 75 mg of IM diclofenac when the visual analog scale (VAS) score was >4, and analgesic requirements were recorded. Sensory and motor block onset times were shorter and recovery times were prolonged in group M (P < 0.05). VAS scores of tourniquet pain were lower in group M at 15, 20, 30, 40, and 50 min (P < 0.001). Anesthesia quality, as determined by the anesthesiologist and surgeon, was better in group M (P < 0.05). Time to the first postoperative analgesic request in group C was 95 +/- 29 min and in group M was 155 +/- 38 min (P < 0.05). Postoperative VAS scores were higher for the first postoperative 6 h in group C (P < 0.05). Diclofenac consumption was significantly less in group M (50 +/- 35 mg) when compared with group C (130 + 55 mg) (P < 0.05). We conclude that magnesium as an adjunct to lidocaine improves the quality of anesthesia and analgesia in IVRA.