Pathways of Youth Gambling Problem Severity.

Department of Psychiatry, University of Minnesota, Twin Cities Campus, Minneapolis, MN 55454, USA.
Psychology of Addictive Behaviors (Impact Factor: 2.09). 04/2005; 19(1):104-7. DOI: 10.1037/0893-164X.19.1.104
Source: PubMed


Prospective studies are needed to advance knowledge of the developmental features of gambling involvement and associated problems. Developmental pathways of youth gambling problem severity (no problem gambling, at-risk gambling, and problem gambling) are described on the basis of a 3-wave data set that spans midadolescence to young adulthood (N=305). The most prevalent group was the resistors (no problem gambling at all data points); 60% of study participants were in this group. New incidence cases (no problem gambling followed by at-risk or problem gambling) and desistors (at-risk or problem gambling followed by no problem gambling) were found among 21% and 13% of participants, respectively. Only 4% of cases were persistors, that is, at-risk or problem gambling at all 3 data waves. Findings are discussed in light of extant research on adolescent gambling that heretofore has not benefited from a developmental pathway perspective.

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    • "Of course, this assumes that individuals with mild or few symptoms of PG are at increased risk of later developing full criteria for PG. In fact other developmental pathways are possible, such as being at-risk and then becoming a social/nonproblematic gambler (Winters et al., 2005), or continuing at the same risk level. Given the cross-sectional nature of these data, temporal or causal interpretations are yet not possible. "

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    • "It is important for developmental research to examine phenomena in focal, circumscribed developmental periods with high relevance for a given phenotype, as we do in the present study. Evidence that gambling is highly prevalent and consequential during emerging adulthood (Winters et al. 2005) underscores the importance of the present study. Nonetheless , the absence of other age groups in the present study prevents us from drawing direct age-based comparisons, and this represents an important direction for future research. "
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    ABSTRACT: Increases in access to gambling venues have been accompanied by increased gambling behavior among young adults. The present research examined associations among Five Factor Model personality traits, motives for gambling, and gambling behavior and problems using latent class analysis. College students (N = 220) completed online measures of personality and gambling behavior as part of a larger intervention trial. Agreeableness and conscientiousness were negatively associated with indicators of gambling behavior. Low agreeableness and high neuroticism were associated with gambling-specific motives, particularly for less frequently endorsed motives. Personality-based latent class analyses of emerging adult gamblers revealed support for three distinct groups reflecting a resilient personality group, a normative personality group, and a vulnerable personality group, which were further differentiated by gambling behaviors and gambling-specific motives. Associations between personality traits and gambling-specific motives highlight potential heterogeneity among college students who gamble. Together, findings suggest that the correlational and latent class-based analyses, as well as the personality and motivation analyses, present complementary information with respect to the attributes of college student gamblers. Implications and future research directions are discussed.
    Journal of Gambling Behavior 09/2014; DOI:10.1007/s10899-014-9500-3 · 1.28 Impact Factor
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    • "Only 52 % of people who had previously been classified as problem gamblers were still problem gamblers at the follow-up point, whereas 14 % of the moderate risk group had moved into the problem gambling group (Haworth, 2005). Similar analyses undertaken by Winters et al. (2005) involving 305 young people tracked since mid-adolescence showed that only 29 % of problem gamblers at time one were still problem gamblers by early adulthood (aged over 17 years), although early problem gambling was still moderately associated with later problem gambling. So far only one Australian study has been conducted to examine the association between adolescent and adult gambling. "
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