Multilineage differentiation of human mesenchymal stem cells in a three-dimensional nanofibrous scaffold

Cartilage Biology and Orthopaedics Branch, National Institute of Arthritis, and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Building 50, Room 1503, MSC 8022, Bethesda, MD 20892-8022, USA.
Biomaterials (Impact Factor: 8.31). 10/2005; 26(25):5158-66. DOI: 10.1016/j.biomaterials.2005.01.002
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Functional engineering of musculoskeletal tissues generally involves the use of differentiated or progenitor cells seeded with specific growth factors in biomaterial scaffolds. Ideally, the scaffold should be a functional and structural biomimetic of the native extracellular matrix and support multiple tissue morphogenesis. We have previously shown that electrospun, three-dimensional nanofibrous scaffolds that morphologically resemble collagen fibrils are capable of promoting favorable biological responses from seeded cells, indicative of their potential application for tissue engineering. In this study, we tested a three-dimensional nanofibrous scaffold fabricated from poly(epsilon-caprolactone) (PCL) for its ability to support and maintain multilineage differentiation of bone marrow-derived human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) in vitro. hMSCs were seeded onto pre-fabricated nanofibrous scaffolds, and were induced to differentiate along adipogenic, chondrogenic, or osteogenic lineages by culturing in specific differentiation media. Histological and scanning electron microscopy observations, gene expression analysis, and immunohistochemical detection of lineage-specific marker molecules confirmed the formation of three-dimensional constructs containing cells differentiated into the specified cell types. These results suggest that the PCL-based nanofibrous scaffold is a promising candidate scaffold for cell-based, multiphasic tissue engineering.

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    • "During the cell fate determination process, stem cells sense and react to physical properties of their microenvironment. Accordingly , some cell fates are reached only in three-dimensional (3-D) cell cultures [11] [12]. To date, in spite of extensive research efforts to control stem cell differentiation, the efficiency achieved in lineagerestricted differentiation is often poor. "
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    ABSTRACT: A large number of lineage-committed progenitor cells are required for advanced regenerative medicine based on cell engineering. Due to their ability to differentiate into multiple cells lines, multipotent stem cells have emerged as a vital source for generating transplantable cells for use in regenerative medicine. Increment in differentiation efficiency of the mesenchymal stem cell was obtained by using hydrogel to adjust the proliferation cycle of encapsulated cells to signal sensitive phase. Three dimensional (3-D) polymer networks composed of poly(2-methacyloyloxyethyl phosphorylcholine (MPC)-co-n-butyl methacrylate (BMA)-co-p-vinylphenylboronic acid (VPBA)) (PMBV) and poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) were prepared as a hydrogel. The proliferation of cells encapsulated in the PMBV/PVA hydrogel was highly sensitive to the storage modulus (G') of the hydrogel. That is, when the G' value of the hydrogel was higher than 1.0 kPa, the cell proliferation was ceased and the proliferation cycle of cells was converged to G1 phase, whereas when the G' value was below 1.0 kPa, cell proliferation proceeded. By changing the G' value of hydrogels under encapsulation the cells, proliferation cycle of encapsulated mesenchymal stem cells was regulated to G1 phase and thus signal sensitivity were increased. 3-D polymer networks as hydrogels with tunable physical properties can be effectively used to control proliferation and lineage-restricted differentiation of stem cells. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
    Biomaterials 07/2015; 56. DOI:10.1016/j.biomaterials.2015.03.051 · 8.31 Impact Factor
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    • "MSCs are a heterogeneous population of plastic-adherent, fibroblast-like cells, from which the progenitor cells in culture are able to self-renew and differentiate into multiple lineages [15] [16]. Recent studies showed that combining human MSCs and biomaterials with controlled properties, or by adding certain growth factors, differentiation towards chondrogenic [17] [18], osteogenic [19] [20], myogenic [21], adipogenic [22] [23] endothelial [24], and neurogenic [25] lineage can be achieved. Distribution and adherence of cells in scaffolds play a crucial role in the efficiency of tissue engineering approaches. "
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    ABSTRACT: In regenerative medicine studies, cell seeding efficiency is not only optimized by changing the chemistry of the biomaterials used as cell culture substrates, but also by altering scaffold geometry, culture and seeding conditions. In this study, the importance of seeding parameters, such as initial cell number, seeding volume, seeding concentration and seeding condition is shown. Human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) were seeded into cylindrically shaped 4 × 3 mm polymeric scaffolds, fabricated by fused deposition modelling. The initial cell number ranged from 5 × 104 to 8 × 105 cells, in volumes varying from 50 µl to 400 µl. To study the effect of seeding conditions, a dynamic system, by means of an agitation plate, was compared with static culture for both scaffolds placed in a well plate or in a confined agarose moulded well. Cell seeding efficiency decreased when seeded with high initial cell numbers, whereas 2 × 105 cells seemed to be an optimal initial cell number in the scaffolds used here. The influence of seeding volume was shown to be dependent on the initial cell number used. By optimizing seeding parameters for each specific culture system, a more efficient use of donor cells can be achieved. Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
    Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine 11/2013; DOI:10.1002/term.1842 · 4.43 Impact Factor
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    • "These cells are responsible for bone growth and remodeling [5]. Studies on the possibility of osteoblasts proliferation on the nanofiber mats made from biodegradable polymers (poly(εcaprolactone ) (PCL), poly(glycolic acid) (PGA) poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA)) have been widely documented [6] [7] [8]. For bone tissue engineering , nanofibers based on natural polymers (collagen / PLGA, chitosan / poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO)) have been also studied [9] [10]. "
    02/2013; 2(3). DOI:10.7251/COMEN1202148L
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