The occurrence of male-to-female intimate partner violence on days of men's drinking: the moderating effects of antisocial personality disorder.
ABSTRACT In this study, the moderating effects of antisocial personality disorder (ASPD) on the day-to-day relationship between male partner alcohol consumption and male-to-female intimate partner violence (IPV) for men entering a domestic violence treatment program (n=170) or an alcoholism treatment program (n=169) were examined. For both samples, alcohol consumption was associated with an increased likelihood of nonsevere IPV among men without a diagnosis of ASPD but not among men with ASPD (who tended to engage in nonsevere IPV whether they did or did not drink). Drinking was more strongly associated with a likelihood of severe IPV among men with ASPD compared with those without ASPD who also drank. These results provide partial support for a multiple threshold model of intoxication and aggression.
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ABSTRACT: Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a significant public health concern. This study proposed and tested an ecological model of both general and clinically significant (i.e., injurious or fear-evoking) IPV perpetration (IPVPerp). Risk and promotive factors from multiple ecological levels of influence (i.e., individual, family, workplace, community) were hypothesized to be important in the prediction of IPVPerp. Although clinically significant IPVPerp and general IPVPerp were hypothesized to relate, specific risks for clinically significant IPVPerp were hypothesized. U.S. Air Force active duty members and civilian spouses (N = 34,861 men; 24,331 women) from 82 sites worldwide completed the 2006 Community Assessment, an anonymous online survey assessing IPVPerp along with a variety of potential risk and promotive factors. Final structural equation models for men and women, cross-validated in holdout samples, clearly supported the relevance of an ecological approach to IPVPerp. Factors from all 4 levels were associated with both general IPVPerp and clinically significant IPVPerp, with relatively distal community and workplace factors operating via more proximal individual and family level variables (e.g., relationship satisfaction). The results suggest a variety of both established and novel potential targets for indirectly targeting general and clinically significant IPVPerp by improving risk profiles at the individual, family, workplace, and community levels. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2014 APA, all rights reserved).Journal of Family Psychology 07/2014; 28(4). DOI:10.1037/a0037316 · 1.89 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The current investigation examined the interactive effect of dysfunctional dating attitudes and religiosity on substance use in a large sample of youth (N = 1,357) from the YouthStyles survey. Based on past research, we explored the possibility that religiosity buffered the association between dysfunctional dating attitudes and substance use. Because age was significantly associated with all study variables, we included age in our analyses. In support of our hypothesis we found an attitude by religiosity by age interaction among youth with moderate levels of dysfunctional dating attitudes. Among these youth, the buffering effect of religiosity increased with age. For youth with low and high dysfunctional dating attitudes, religiosity did not buffer the association. The results of this study are in line with past work that suggests that the association between relationship characteristics and substance use is complex. It also identifies religiosity as a protective factor for the effect of dating attitudes on substance use but suggests that these effects may be the most important for youth with moderate levels of dysfunctional dating attitudes.08/2014; 2014:143709. DOI:10.1155/2014/143709
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ABSTRACT: Does the perpetration of domestic violence reflect a distinct mental disorder? This essay does not and cannot definitely answer that question. Rather it aims to prompt a discussion of the various indices for surmising a position on this issue. For example, batterer behavior and attitudes are associated with severe psychopathology. Batterers are treated in intervention programs for an unnamed condition. Ultimately, domestic violence is contextualized as abnormal behavior. This paper reviews research in the field of domestic violence to establish a forum for discussion and debate about the potential for an abnormal mental state to describe the psychology of a batterer. This review posits that at minimum, the field of psychiatry should consider a review of batterer characteristics to formally investigate the “abusive personality” as a categorization of a distinct mental disorder.Aggression and Violent Behavior 10/2014; 19(5):515–522. DOI:10.1016/j.avb.2014.07.006 · 1.95 Impact Factor