Blum JW, Jacobsen DJ, Donnelly JE. Beverage consumption patterns in elementary school aged children across a two-year period. J Am Coll Nutr 24, 93-98
ABSTRACT Existing data was reexamined to determine changes in beverage consumption and associations between beverages consumed and BMI Z-score in children (n = 164) across two years.
Beverages (milk, 100% juice, diet soda or sugar sweetened) and total caloric intake were calculated from a 24-hour diet recall. Height and weight were measured to calculate BMI. Subjects were categorized by BMI Z-score as normal weight, overweight, gained weight and lost weight. Data was collected at baseline and year 2.
Significant decreases in milk and increases in diet soda were found over two years in all subjects and normal weight, whereas overweight had a significant increase in diet soda consumption and a decrease in milk consumption that did not reach significance. Change in milk consumption was inversely correlated with sugar-sweetened beverage consumption. Increases in diet soda consumption were significantly greater for overweight and subjects who gained weight as compared to normal weight subjects. Baseline BMI Z-score and year 2 diet soda consumption predicted 83.1% of the variance in year 2 BMI Z-score.
Shifts in beverage consumption were found in this convenient sample across two years. Diet soda consumption was the only type of beverage associated with year 2 BMI Z-score, and consumption was greater in overweight subjects and subjects who gained weight as compared to normal weight subjects at two years. Additional longitudinal data examining associations between beverage consumption and BMI is needed in children and adolescents, as consumption of regular and diet soda has become more of a social norm.
Full-textDOI: · Available from: Janet Whatley Blum, Aug 19, 2015
- SourceAvailable from: Carla Dalmaz
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- "Recent studies have suggested that consumption of artificial sweeteners may lead to an increased risk of excessive weight gain, metabolic syndrome, type 2 diabetes, and cardiovascular disease (Duffey, Steffen, Van Horn, Jacobs, & Popkin, 2012; Lutsey, Steffen, & Stevens, 2008; Yang, 2010). Several large-scale prospective cohort studies have found a positive correlation between artificial sweetener use and weight gain in adults (Colditz et al., 1990; Fowler et al., 2008; Stellman & Garfinkel, 1988) and in children (Berkey, Rockett, Field, Gillman, & Colditz, 2004; Blum, Jacobsen, & Donnelly, 2005; Striegel-Moore et al., 2006). Consistent with the findings of our study, artificial sweeteners appear to have more effects in males than in females (Berkey et al., 2004). "
ABSTRACT: The use of artificial sweeteners has increased together with the epidemic growth of obesity. In addition to their widespread use in sodas, artificial sweeteners are added to nearly 6,000 other products sold in the US, including baby foods, frozen dinners and even yogurts. It has been suggested that the use of nonnutritive sweeteners can lead to body weight gain and an altered metabolic profile. However, very few studies have evaluated the effects of maternal consumption of artificial non-caloric sweeteners on body weight, feeding behavior or the metabolism of offspring in adult life. In this study, we found that animals exposed to aspartame during the prenatal period presented a higher consumption of sweet foods during adulthood and a greater susceptibility to alterations in metabolic parameters, such as increased glucose, LDL and triglycerides. These effects were observed in both males and females, although they were more pronounced in males. Despite the preliminary nature of this study, and the need for further confirmation of these effects, our data suggest that the consumption of sweeteners during gestation may have deleterious long-term effects and should be used with caution. Copyright © 2014. Published by Elsevier Ltd.Appetite 12/2014; 87. DOI:10.1016/j.appet.2014.12.213 · 2.69 Impact Factor
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- "Whether or not a similar effect occurs in humans is more controversial. Many studies have found correlations between artificial sweetener use and weight gain (Blum, Jacobsen, & Donnelly, 2005; Colditz et al., 1990; Fowler et al., 2008; Stellman & Garfinkel, 1988). In addition, Appleton and Blundell (2007) showed a differential effect of sweet taste on appetite as a function of artificial sweetener use. "
ABSTRACT: Controversy exists over whether exposure to artificial sweeteners degrades the predictive relationship between sweet taste and its post-ingestive consequences. Here we tested whether brain response to caloric sucrose is influenced by individual differences in self-reported artificial sweetener use. Twenty-six subjects participated in fMRI scanning while consuming sucrose solutions. A negative correlation between artificial sweetener use and amygdala response to sucrose ingestion was observed. This finding supports the hypothesis that artificial sweetener use may be associated with brain changes that could influence eating behavior.Appetite 12/2011; 58(2):504-7. DOI:10.1016/j.appet.2011.12.001 · 2.69 Impact Factor
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- "A number of studies indicate that children who consume soft drinks and other sweetened beverages are more likely to be or to become obese (e.g., Bermudez and Gao, 2010; Blum, Jacobsen and Donnelly, 2005; LaRowe et al., 2010; Lim et al., 2009; Ludwig et al., 2001; Papandreou et al., 2010; Vartanian et al., 2007; Welsh et al., 2005). Not only are these beverages unhealthy because of their high glycemic load and paucity of essential nutrients, but they may also displace nutritious items, such as milk, from children's diets (Bermudez and Gao, 2010; Blum, Jacobsen and Donnelly, 2005; Finkelstein et al., 2004; Fox et al., 2005; Harrington, 2008). "
ABSTRACT: In response to the increase in children's weight in recent decades, many states, school districts, and schools in the United States have limited or eliminated the sale of sweetened beverages at school. These policies are promoted for their potential to reduce childhood overweight and obesity, but their effectiveness has not been evaluated. Using a large nationally representative longitudinal dataset, the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Kindergarten (ECLS-K), this study explores the relationship between children's access to sweetened beverages at school in 5th and 8th grade, their purchases and total consumption of these beverages, and their weight. We find almost no evidence that availability of sweetened beverages for sale at school leads to heavier weight or greater risk of overweight or obesity among children. We also find limited evidence that availability of sweetened beverages for sale at school leads to higher total consumption of these beverages.Social Science [?] Medicine 08/2011; 73(9):1332-9. DOI:10.1016/j.socscimed.2011.08.003 · 2.56 Impact Factor