Intravenous myocardial contrast echocardiography predicts regional and global left ventricular remodelling after acute myocardial infarction: comparison with low dose dobutamine stress echocardiography.
ABSTRACT To assess the role of intravenous myocardial contrast echocardiography (MCE) in predicting functional recovery and regional or global left ventricular (LV) remodelling after acute myocardial infarction (AMI) compared with low dose dobutamine stress echocardiography (LDSE).
21 patients with anterior AMI and successful primary angioplasty underwent MCE and LDSE during the subacute stage (2-4 weeks after AMI). Myocardial perfusion and contractile reserve were assessed in each segment (12 segment model) with MCE and LDSE. The 118 dyssynergic segments in the subacute stage were classified as recovered, unchanged, or remodelled according to wall motion at six months' follow up. Percentage increase in LV end diastolic volume (%DeltaEDV) was also calculated.
The presence of perfusion was less accurate than the presence of contractile reserve in predicting regional recovery (55% v 81%, p < 0.0001). However, the absence of perfusion was more accurate than the absence of contractile reserve in predicting regional remodelling (83% v 48%, p < 0.0001). The number of segments without perfusion was an independent predictor of %DeltaEDV, whereas the number of segments without contractile reserve was not. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve showed that the number of segments without perfusion predicted substantial LV dilatation (%DeltaEDV > 20%) more accurately than did the number of segments without contractile reserve (0.88 v 0.72).
In successfully revascularised patients with AMI, myocardial perfusion assessed by MCE is predictive of regional and global LV remodelling rather than of functional recovery, whereas contractile reserve assessed by LDSE is predictive of functional recovery rather than of LV remodelling.
Circulation 07/2000; 101(25):2981-8. · 14.74 Impact Factor
Article: Analysis of microvascular integrity, contractile reserve, and myocardial viability after acute myocardial infarction by dobutamine echocardiography and myocardial contrast echocardiography.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to evaluate, in postinfarction dysfunctioning myocardium, the relative potential of myocardial contrast and low-dose dobutamine echocardiography in detecting myocardial viability, and the relation between microvascular integrity, contractile reserve, and functional recovery at follow-up. Twenty-four patients with recent myocardial infarction were studied before hospital discharge with low-dose dobutamine and myocardial contrast echocardiography. In the dysfunctioning infarct area, wall motion score index was calculated at baseline, during low-dose dobutamine, and at 3-month follow-up. Revascularization of the infarct-related artery was performed if clinically indicated. Eighteen patients (group A) had myocardial enhancement of the dysfunctioning infarct area at myocardial contrast echocardiography of >50%, whereas the remaining patients (group B) had an increase of < or = 50%. Wall motion score index was similar at baseline in groups A and B (2.6 +/- 0.4 and 2.8 +/- 0.2; p = NS), but it improved during low-dose dobutamine and at follow-up only in group A (1.9 +/- 0.9 and 1.9 +/- 0.7, respectively; p <0.001 vs baseline). In group B, wall motion score index was 2.7 +/- 0.4 with low-dose dobutamine and 2.8 +/- 0.2 at follow-up (p = NS vs rest). In identifying viable myocardial segments, myocardial contrast echo had 100% sensitivity and 46% specificity, whereas low-dose dobutamine echo had 71% sensitivity and 88% specificity. Thus, microvascular integrity after acute myocardial infarction is a fundamental prerequisite for ensuring myocardial contractile reserve and regional functional recovery. Myocardial contrast and low-dose dobutamine echocardiography have different, but complementary, diagnostic characteristics in detecting myocardial viability.The American Journal of Cardiology 03/1996; 77(7):441-5. · 3.37 Impact Factor
Article: Assessment of myocardial perfusion abnormalities by intravenous myocardial contrast echocardiography with harmonic power Doppler imaging: comparison with positron emission tomography.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Intravenous myocardial contrast echocardiography with harmonic power Doppler imaging (HPDI) enables assessment of myocardial perfusion. Its accuracy in comparison with positron emission tomography (PET), which is one of the most reliable clinical gold standards for myocardial perfusion, remains to be determined. To assess the ability of HPDI to identify myocardial perfusion abnormalities, using PET as a gold standard. 23 patients with myocardial infarction underwent HPDI. Images were obtained from the apical two and four chamber views at pulsing intervals of one to eight cardiac cycles with continuous infusion of Levovist (Schering, Germany). PET was done within two weeks of HPDI. The left ventricle was divided into 12 segments and myocardial opacification by HPDI and uptake of NH(3) by PET in each segment was graded as normal, mildly reduced, or severely reduced. Of the 276 segments examined, adequate image quality was obtained in 226 (82%) by HPDI; 50 segments were excluded because of inadequate image quality. There were more exclusions in the basal segments than in the mid or apical segments (p < 0.0001). Of the 226 segments analysed, overall concordance between HPDI and PET was 82% (chi = 0.70). In the apex, more segments were overestimated by HPDI than were underestimated (chi(2) = 6.25, p = 0.012). HPDI and PET gave similar results in the assessment of myocardial perfusion abnormalities. However, poor image quality in the basal segments and overestimation of perfusion in the apical segments are current limitations of HPDI.Heart (British Cardiac Society) 02/2003; 89(2):145-9. · 4.22 Impact Factor