The angiotensin converting enzyme insertion deletion polymorphism (ACE I/D) has been associated with much cardiovascular pathology, including posttransplantation hypertension. Hypertension is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality after cardiac transplantation. We investigated the influence of the ACE I/D polymorphism on posttransplantation hypertension.
A total of 211 heart transplant recipients and 154 corresponding donors were genotyped for the ACE I/D polymorphism by polymerase chain reaction. ACE enzymatic activity was measured by spectrophotometric kinetic analysis. Sitting systolic and diastolic blood pressures were recorded at 3 consecutive visits, and the mean was calculated. Clinical data, including demographics and medication, were collected for all recipients. Results were analyzed by the chi-square test and analysis of variance, taking a p value of <0.05 to be significant.
A total of 41.7% of the subjects were hypertensive (diastolic blood pressure >90 mm Hg) at the time of the study, with 79.6% taking at least one antihypertensive agent. We found no difference between the number of antihypertensive agents, cyclosporin dose and level, renal function, or systolic blood pressure for the different recipient or donor genotypes. We also found no significant correlation between ACE enzymatic activity and systolic or diastolic blood pressure.
Our study of 211 recipients and 154 corresponding donors is the largest investigation of this polymorphism in a cardiac transplantation population. We found no apparent relationship between the ACE genotype (of either donor or recipient) and systemic hypertension (absolute measurements and the number or dose of antihypertensive agents used).
"Hypertensive patients were also examined for I/D polymorphism of ACE gene. Consistently with our previous results (Krizanova et al. 1997, 1998), results of Fildes and coworkers (2005) and others done on Caucasian population, we found no association of ACE I/D polymorphism with hypertension in Slovak population. "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Cardiovascular diseases associated with molecular variants of individual components of renin-angiotensin system are reported to constitute inherited predisposition in humans. Molecular variant frequencies are race- and population-dependent. We examined frequencies of the M235T variant of angiotensinogen gene and I/D polymorphism of gene for angiotensin-converting enzyme in Slovak population: in hypertensive patients, coronary heart disease (CHD), dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) and myocardial infarction (MI) patients compared to healthy subjects. Frequency of M235T was significantly increased in hypertensive, CHD and DCM patients compared to controls (0.48 and 0.50 vs. 0.40, p < 0.001). Significant increase in D allele frequency compared to controls was observed in the group of patients after MI (0.58 vs. 0.50, p < 0.001), CHD (0.59 vs. 0.50, p < 0.001) and DCM (0.60 vs. 0.50, p < 0.001). These results correlate with other Caucasian populations. In Slovak population, M235T is associated with increased blood pressure and D allele of ACE gene is associated with MI, chronic CHD and DCM, rather than with hypertension. Our results suggest that in Slovak population, D alelle and M235T variant represent a risk factor for several cardiovascular diseases and these polymorphisms might have a cumulative effect on development of cardiovascular diseases.
General Physiology and Biophysics 04/2007; 26(1):27-32. · 1.17 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Recently, the 5-lipoxygenase activating protein gene (ALOX5AP) was reported to confer a risk of myocardial infarction (MI) and stroke, independent of conventional risk factors. The purpose of the present study was to validate those findings in a Japanese population.
The study population consisted of 1,875 subjects (males 871, females 1,004) recruited from the Suita study (control group) and 353 subjects (males 306, females 47) with MI. The promoter, all of the exons, and 3'UTR regions of ALOX5AP were sequenced in 96 subjects, and 8 polymorphisms were found. There were significant differences in the frequencies of the haplotypes constructed from the 2 SNPs (A162C and T8733A) between the control and MI groups. Multiple logistic analysis indicated that the homozygous genotype of the (CA) haplotype was significantly associated with a reduced risk for MI.
The hypothesis that ALOX5AP contributes to susceptibility for MI was validated in a Japanese population.
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