Determination of lauroyl-indapamide in rat whole blood by high-performance liquid chromatography.
ABSTRACT A method based on a liquid-liquid extraction procedure followed by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) coupled with UV-visible detection is described and validated for the determination of lauroyl-indapamide in rat whole blood. The blood sample was extracted with diethyl ether after the addition of 10% trifluoroacetic acid (aq.). The chromatographic separation was performed on a Chromasil ODS column, using methanol-acetonitrile-tetrahydrofuran-0.2% trifluoroacetic acid (170:20:15:38, v/v/v/v) as the mobile phase. The UV detection wavelength was set at 240 nm. The extraction recovery of lauroyl-indapamide was ranged from 76.5 to 82.6%, and the calibration curve had a good linearity in the range of 0.048-200 microg/ml (r = 0.9976). The method presents appropriate intra-day and inter-days repeatabilities, showing values below 7.4% in terms of the percentage of relative standard deviation (R.S.D.). The method proposed is simple, rapid and sensitive, being useful for pharmacokinetic studies in rats.
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ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to explore the degradation kinetics of water-insoluble lauroyl-indapamide in solutions and predict the stabilities of lauroyl-indapamide encapsulated in liposomes. Buffer-acetone (9:1) was used as the reaction solution and the reaction temperature was maintained at 60 degrees C. The correlation of the apparent degradation constants (k(obs)) of lauroyl-indapamide in liposomes and in buffer-acetone solutions at different pH has been explored. The degradation of lauroyl-indapamide in solutions was found to follow pseudo-first-order kinetics and was significantly dependent on the pH values. Lauroyl-indapamide was the most stable at pH 6.8, increasing or decreasing the pH of the solutions would decrease its stabilities. Buffer concentration had some effects on the stabilities of lauroyl-indapamide. The degradation active energies Ea were 68.19 kJ x mol(-1), 131.75 kJ x mol(-1) and 107.72 kJ x mol(-1) at pH3.6, 6.8 and 12 respectively in acetone-free buffer solutions (0.05M) calculated according to the Arrhenius equation with the extrapolation method. The apparent degradation constants (kobs) of lauroyl-indapamide in liposome and in buffer-acetone (9:1) solutions showed a good correlation at different pH levels, which indicates that the stabilities of the drug that dissolved in acetone-buffer mixture solutions can be used to predict the stabilities of the drug in liposomes as well.Archives of Pharmacal Research 08/2007; 30(7):876-83. · 1.54 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: We find anion incorporation into both GaAs1−yPy on GaAs and InAs1−yPy on InP during gas source molecular beam epitaxy (GSMBE) is not linearly related to the hydride gas fluxes within our reactor. The deviation from an ideal model, i.e., y = ƒP/(ƒP + ƒAs), where As(P) is the flux of AsH3 (PH3), can be as large as a factor of two. GaAsP exhibits the largest degree of nonlinearity and incorporation is found to depend quadratically on the fluxes over a wide range of flux ratio. Significant deviations are also found for InAsP; however, anion incorporation can be modeled with y = ƒP/(ƒP + βƒAs).Food Chemistry - FOOD CHEM. 01/1995; 150:492-496.